Send to

Choose Destination
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2015 Apr;94(4):347-51. doi: 10.1111/aogs.12592. Epub 2015 Mar 8.

Forceps: towards obsolescence or revival?

Author information

Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Neonatology, Sydney Medical School Nepean, University of Sydney, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia.


Cesarean section rates have become a political issue, attracting the attention of governments, health bureaucrats and professional organizations. In some instances this has led to a renewed interest in forceps delivery, even Kielland's rotational forceps. It is suggested that calls for a greater use of forceps, especially rotational forceps, are ill-advised and commonly based on ignorance of recent urogynecological and imaging literature. Forceps use is associated with a much higher likelihood of major maternal trauma, especially to the anal sphincter and levator ani muscles, which may result in substantial future morbidity. Hence, its use should be avoided whenever possible. This is particularly obvious for rotational forceps.


Birth; birth trauma; cesarean section; forceps; pelvic floor; vacuum extraction

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center