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Food Chem. 2015 Jun 1;176:465-71. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.12.082. Epub 2015 Jan 2.

Simultaneous determination of isoflavones and resveratrols for adulteration detection of soybean and peanut oils by mixed-mode SPE LC-MS/MS.

Author information

1
Oil Crops Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan 430062, China; Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China; Key Laboratory of Detection for Mycotoxins, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China; Laboratory of Risk Assessment for Oilseeds Products (Wuhan), Ministry of Agriculture, 430062, China.
2
Oil Crops Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan 430062, China; Key Laboratory of Detection for Mycotoxins, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China; Laboratory of Risk Assessment for Oilseeds Products (Wuhan), Ministry of Agriculture, 430062, China; Quality Inspection and Test Center for Oilseeds Products, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China. Electronic address: mafeicpu@163.com.
3
Oil Crops Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan 430062, China; Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China; Key Laboratory of Detection for Mycotoxins, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China; Laboratory of Risk Assessment for Oilseeds Products (Wuhan), Ministry of Agriculture, 430062, China; Quality Inspection and Test Center for Oilseeds Products, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China. Electronic address: peiwuli@oilcrops.cn.
4
Oil Crops Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan 430062, China; Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China; Key Laboratory of Detection for Mycotoxins, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China; Quality Inspection and Test Center for Oilseeds Products, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China.
5
Oil Crops Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan 430062, China; Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China; Quality Inspection and Test Center for Oilseeds Products, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430062, China.

Abstract

To ensure authenticity of vegetable oils, isoflavones (genistein, genistin, daidzein and daidzin) and resveratrols (cis-resveratrol and trans-resveratrol) were selected as the putative markers for adulteration of soybean and peanut oils. Firstly, mixed mode solid-phase extraction coupled with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (mixed-mode SPE LC-MS/MS) method was developed to analyze isoflavones and resveratrols in vegetable oils. The concentration of marker compounds in vegetable oils were 0.08-1.47mgkg(-1) for daidzein, ND-78.9μgkg(-1) for daidzin, 0.40-5.89mgkg(-1) for genistein, 1.2-114.9μgkg(-1) for genistin, 3.1-85.0μgkg(-1) for trans-resveratrol and 1.9-51.0μgkg(-1) for cis-resveratrol, which are compatible with the raw materials for oil press. Additionally, the applicability of this method has been successfully tested in thirteen vegetable oils from the market. Mixed-mode SPE LC-MS/MS method can simultaneously detect isoflavones and resveratrols in vegetable oils and assess adulteration and quality of soybean and peanut oils.

KEYWORDS:

Adulteration; Daidzein (Pubchem CID: 5281708); Daidzin (Pubchem CID: 107971); Genistein (Pubchem CID: 5280961); Genistin (Pubchem CID: 5281377); Isoflavones; Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS); Mixed-mode solid-phase extraction (SPE); Resveratrols; cis-Resveratrol (Pubchem CID: 1548910); trans-Resveratrol (Pubchem CID: 445154)

PMID:
25624257
DOI:
10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.12.082
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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