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Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2015 Apr;142(4):245-51. doi: 10.1016/j.annder.2014.11.018. Epub 2015 Jan 23.

[Protection against tick bites].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
EA 7290 : virulence bactérienne précoce, groupe Borréliose de Lyme, institut de bactériologie, centre national de référence Borrelia, faculté de pharmacie, université de Strasbourg, 3, rue Koeberlé, 67000 Strasbourg, France. Electronic address: nboulanger@unistra.fr.
2
Clinique dermatologique, Centre national de référence Borrelia, hôpital civil, faculté de médecine, université de Strasbourg, hôpitaux universitaires, CHU de Strasbourg, 1, place de l'Hôpital, BP 426, 67091 Strasbourg cedex, France.

Abstract

There are numerous tick-borne infections, which include viral (TBE), parasitic (babesiosis) and bacterial diseases. Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis) is the most common tick-borne disease in France. In temperate climates such as in France, ticks bite humans between March and October. Prevention relies on adequate clothing and on repellents. The latter are reviewed in this work. Repellents may be natural, made from eucalyptus, tomato and coconut, or synthetic, among which the most widely used is DEET (N,N,-Diethyl-m-toluamide). Newer, synthetic repellents exist such as IR3535 which, as well as being less toxic, also exhibits greater efficacy against ticks. Some repellents are used on the skin, while others, like permethrin, which is actually an insecticide, may be applied to clothing.

KEYWORDS:

Anaplasmose; Anaplasmosis; Borréliose de Lyme; DEET; Hard tick; Lyme disease; Piqûre de tique; Primary prevention; Prévention primaire; Repellent; Répulsif; Tick bite; Tique dure; Zoonose; Zoonosis

PMID:
25624140
DOI:
10.1016/j.annder.2014.11.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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