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J Biol Chem. 2015 Mar 20;290(12):7871-86. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M114.605386. Epub 2015 Jan 26.

Functional coupling of ATP-binding cassette transporter Abcb6 to cytochrome P450 expression and activity in liver.

Author information

1
From the Departments of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics.
2
From the Departments of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics, the Cell Isolation Core, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160 and.
3
Surgery.
4
Molecular and Integrative Physiology, and Biostatistics and.
5
the Departments of Nutrition and Environmental Toxicology and the West Coast Metabolomics Center, University of California, Davis, California 95616.
6
From the Departments of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics, pkasturi@kumc.edu.

Abstract

Although endogenous mechanisms that negatively regulate cytochrome P450 (P450) monooxygenases in response to physiological and pathophysiological signals are not well understood, they are thought to result from alterations in the level of endogenous metabolites, involved in maintaining homeostasis. Here we show that homeostatic changes in hepatic metabolite profile in Abcb6 (mitochondrial ATP-binding cassette transporter B6) deficiency results in suppression of a specific subset of hepatic P450 activity. Abcb6 null mice are more susceptible to pentobarbital-induced sleep and zoxazolamine-induced paralysis, secondary to decreased expression and activity of Cyp3a11 and Cyp2b10. The knock-out mice also show decrease in both basal and xeno-inducible expression and activity of a subset of hepatic P450s that appear to be related to changes in hepatic metabolite profile. These data, together with the observation that liver extracts from Abcb6-deficient mice suppress P450 expression in human primary hepatocytes, suggest that this mouse model may provide an opportunity to understand the physiological signals and the mechanisms involved in negative regulation of P450s.

KEYWORDS:

ABC Transporter; Cytochrome P450; Gene Regulation; Membrane Transport; Metabolic Regulation

PMID:
25623066
PMCID:
PMC4367286
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M114.605386
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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