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IEEE Trans Nanobioscience. 2015 Apr;14(3):313-22.

Motility of actin filaments on micro-contact printed myosin patterns.


Protein molecular motors, which convert, directly and efficiently, chemical energy into motion, are excellent candidates for integration in hybrid dynamic nanodevices. To integrate and use the full potential of molecular motors in these devices, their design requires a quantitative and precise prediction of the fundamental mechanical and physicochemical features of cytoskeletal proteins operating in artificial environments. In that regard, the behavior of protein molecular motors constructs in/on nano-confined spaces or nanostructured surfaces that aim to control their motility is of critical interest. Here, we used a standard gliding motility assay to study the actin filaments sliding on a surface comprising heavy mero myosin (HMM) micro- and nano-patterns. To print HMM, we used negative tone, micro contact printing of a blocking protein (bovine serum albumin, BSA) on a nitrocellulose surface, followed by specific adsorption of HMM on BSA-free surfaces. While the large BSA-free patterns allowed for selective confinement of actin filaments motility, the BSA-stamped areas displayed intricate nano-sized HMM patterns, which enabled a deeper analysis of the nano-mechanics of actomyosin motility in confined spaces.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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