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Psychiatry Res. 2015 Mar 30;226(1):23-30. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.12.044. Epub 2015 Jan 8.

Neurocognitive functioning in the premorbid stage and in the first episode of bipolar disorder: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Bipolar Disorder Program, Institute of Neurosciences, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina; National Council of Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET), Argentina. Electronic address: diejmartino@gmail.com.
2
Bipolar Disorder Program, Institute of Neurosciences, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina; National Council of Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET), Argentina.
3
Bipolar Disorder Program, Institute of Neurosciences, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina; National Council of Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET), Argentina; Institute of Cognitive Neurology (INECO), Buenos Aires, Argentina; UDP-INECO Foundation Core on Neuroscience (UIFCoN), Diego Portales University, Santiago, Chile; Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Australian Research Council (ACR), New South Wales, Australia.
4
Bipolar Disorder Program, Institute of Neurosciences, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Institute of Cognitive Neurology (INECO), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

It is well known that patients with bipolar disorder (BD) have cognitive impairments even during periods of euthymia. However, to date it remains unclear the moment when these deficits onset. Therefore, the aim of this study was to review the evidence focusing on the cognitive status of patients with BD in their premorbid stage and in their first episode. An extensive search was conducted through the online databases Pubmed/PsychInfo, covering the period between 1980 and 2014. A total of 23 studies were selected for the review (nine studies explored premorbid stage of people who lately develop BD and 14 examined first-episodes in bipolar patients). There is evidence that general intelligence is not impaired in the premorbid stage. Impairments in verbal memory, attention, and executive functions tend to be present during and after the first episode. Preliminary evidence suggests that these deficits in specific cognitive domains might precede the onset of illness.

KEYWORDS:

Cognition; Executive functions; High-risk; Memory

PMID:
25618475
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2014.12.044
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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