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J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2015 Jul;24(7):1135-41. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2014.12.007. Epub 2015 Jan 22.

Posterior augmented glenoid designs preserve more bone in biconcave glenoids.

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Southeastern Sports Medicine, a service of Park Ridge Health, Asheville, NC, USA.
Scripps Health, Shiley Center for Orthopaedic Research and Education at Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, CA, USA.
Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, CA, USA.
Scripps Health, Shiley Center for Orthopaedic Research and Education at Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, CA, USA. Electronic address:



Total shoulder arthroplasty is recommended treatment for severe osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint, which often results in excessive posterior wear. Two recent glenoid components with posterior augments have been designed to correct excessive posterior wear and retroversion. Our primary hypothesis was that posterior augmented glenoid designs require less bone removal than a standard glenoid design.


Ten arthritic scapulae classified as Walch B2 glenoids were virtually implanted with standard, stepped, and wedged components. The volume of surgical bone removal, the maximum reaming depth, and the portion of the implant surface in contact with cancellous vs. cortical bone were calculated for each implant.


The neoglenoid made up an average of 65% ± 12% of the glenoid width. Mean surgical bone volume removed was least for the wedged (2857 ± 1618 mm(3)) compared with the stepped (4307 ± 1485 mm(3); P < .001) and standard (5385 ± 2348 mm(3); P < .001) designs. Maximum bone depth removed for the wedged (4.2 ± 2.0 mm) was less than for the stepped (7.6 ± 1.2 mm; P < .001) and standard (9.9 ± 3.2 mm; P < .001). The mean percentage of the implant's back surface supported by cancellous bone was 18.2% for the standard, 8.8% for the stepped (P = .02), and 4.3% for the wedged (P = .01).


Both augmented components corrected glenoid version to neutral and required less bone removal, required less reaming depth, and were supported by more cortical bone than in the standard implant. The least amount of bone removed was with the wedged design.


Shoulder arthroplasty; augmented implant; glenohumeral arthritis; glenoid design; retroversion

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