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Nutr Hosp. 2014 Oct 6;31(2):849-57. doi: 10.3305/nh.2015.31.2.7658.

Influence of anthropometric profile on physical performance in elite female volleyballers in relation to playing position.

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Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Haro Volleyball Club, Nutrition Centre of La Rioja, Haro, La Rioja..
Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Vitoria-Gasteiz..
Department of Physical Activity and Sport Science, Faculty of Sport Science, University of Castilla la Mancha, Toledo, Spain..
Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Florida Atlantic University. Boca Raton, FL. United States of America..


in English, Spanish


The anthropometric profile, specifically body composition, plays a crucial role in the physical performance of volleyballers. Since there are varying positions in volleyball, it is likely that differences exist in anthropometric and physical performance profiles among players due each role's specific physical requirements.


The aims of this study were to analyze the anthropometric and physical performance profiles of elite female volleyballers, to determine any differences in these features among different playing positions. A further aim was to examine any relationship between anthropometric measures and measures of performance.


This study assessed 42 female professional volleyball players (Age: 27.2±5.4 years). Players were categorized according to playing position: middle blockers (n=12), opposite hitters (n=6), outside hitters (n=12), setters (n=8), and liberos (n=4). Anthropometric measurements assessed were: height, weight, fat mass (5 skinfolds) musculoskeletal mass (5 corrected girths). Additionally, the physical performance parameters examined were: jump tests (vertical-jump and spike-jump), speed, agility, and strength tests (crunches test and overhead medicine ball throw).


In terms of height middle blockers were the tallest (186.5±1.4 cm), while liberos were the shortest (166.7±8.1 cm). There were significant differences in body mass among positions (p.

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