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Cell Death Dis. 2015 Jan 22;6:e1610. doi: 10.1038/cddis.2014.571.

A G-quadruplex DNA structure resolvase, RHAU, is essential for spermatogonia differentiation.

Author information

1
MOE Key Laboratory of Model Animal for Disease Study, Nanjing Biomedical Research Institute, National Resource Center for Mutant Mice, Model Animal Research Center of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210061, China.
2
Shanghai Key Laboratory for Molecular Andrology, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.
3
Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026 Anhui, China.
4
1] Shanghai Key Laboratory for Molecular Andrology, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China [2] Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research, Shanghai 200032, China.

Abstract

G-quadruplex (G4) DNA and G4 DNA resolvase are involved in a variety of biological processes. To understand the biological function of G4 DNA structures and their resolvases in spermatogenesis, we investigated the distribution of G4 structures in mouse testis and identified their alterations during spermatogenesis. Meanwhile, we studied the function of RNA helicase associated with AU-rich element (RHAU), a G4 DNA resolvase, in spermatogenesis with a germ-cell-specific knockout mouse model. The results showed that the ablation of RHAU in germ cells caused the increase of G4 structures and thus resulted in the decrease of spermatogonial differentiation. c-kit, a spermatogonia differentiation-related gene, contains two G4 DNA motifs on its promoter. We found its expression was significantly downregulated in RHAU conditional knockout testis. A further analysis demonstrated that RHAU directly bound to the G4 structures to activate c-kit expression. We concluded that RHAU regulates spermatogonia differentiation by promoting c-kit expression via directly binding to the G4 DNA motifs c-kit promoter.

PMID:
25611385
PMCID:
PMC4669769
DOI:
10.1038/cddis.2014.571
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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