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Front Neurol. 2015 Jan 6;5:285. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2014.00285. eCollection 2014.

Interaction between Vestibular Compensation Mechanisms and Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy: 10 Recommendations for Optimal Functional Recovery.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Intégrative et Adaptative, UMR 7260 CNRS/Université Aix-Marseille, Fédération de Recherche 3C, Centre de St Charles , Marseille , France.
2
Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Intégrative et Adaptative, UMR 7260 CNRS/Université Aix-Marseille, Fédération de Recherche 3C, Centre de St Charles , Marseille , France ; Service d'otorhinolaryngologie et d'otoneurologie, CHU Nord, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille , Marseille , France.

Abstract

This review questions the relationships between the plastic events responsible for the recovery of vestibular function after a unilateral vestibular loss (vestibular compensation), which has been well described in animal models in the last decades, and the vestibular rehabilitation (VR) therapy elaborated on a more empirical basis for vestibular loss patients. The main objective is not to propose a catalog of results but to provide clinicians with an understandable view on when and how to perform VR therapy, and why VR may benefit from basic knowledge and may influence the recovery process. With this perspective, 10 major recommendations are proposed as ways to identify an optimal functional recovery. Among them are the crucial role of active and early VR therapy, coincidental with a post-lesion sensitive period for neuronal network remodeling, the instructive role that VR therapy may play in this functional reorganization, the need for progression in the VR therapy protocol, which is based mainly on adaptation processes, the necessity to take into account the sensorimotor, cognitive, and emotional profile of the patient to propose individual or "à la carte" VR therapies, and the importance of motivational and ecologic contexts. More than 10 general principles are very likely, but these principles seem crucial for the fast recovery of vestibular loss patients to ensure good quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

adaptation; anxiety and stress; critical period; ecologic contexts; habituation; motivation; vestibular compensation mechanisms; vestibular rehabilitation therapy

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