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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2014 Dec;44(6):697-707. doi: 10.4040/jkan.2014.44.6.697.

[Effects of community-based comprehensive fall prevention program on muscle strength, postural balance and fall efficacy in elderly people].

[Article in Korean]

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, Inje University; International Safe Community Research Center of Busan Metropolitan; Institute for Health Science Research, Busan, Korea. jibai@inje.ac.kr.
2
Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Inje University; International Safe Community Research Center of Busan Metropolitan, Busan, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purposes of this study was to develop a comprehensive community-based fall prevention program and to test the effects of the program on the muscle strength, postural balance and fall efficacy for elderly people.

METHODS:

The design of this study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. There were 28 participants in the experimental group and 29 in the control group. The program consisted of balance exercises, elastic resistance exercises and prevention education. The program was provided five times a week for 8 weeks and each session lasted 90 minutes. Data were analyzed using χ²-test, independent t-test and paired t-test using the SPSS program.

RESULTS:

Muscle strength of the lower extremities, postural balance and fall efficacy scores significantly improved in the experimental group compared to the control group.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that this program can improve lower extremity muscle strength, postural balance and fall efficacy in elders. Therefore, this program is recommended for use in fall prevention programs for elders living in the community.

KEYWORDS:

Accidental falls; Aged; Muscle strength; Postural balance

PMID:
25608547
DOI:
10.4040/jkan.2014.44.6.697
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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