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Bioresour Technol. 2015 Mar;180:162-71. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.12.102. Epub 2015 Jan 6.

Biofuel potential of the newly isolated microalgae Acutodesmus dimorphus under temperature induced oxidative stress conditions.

Author information

1
Discipline of Salt & Marine Chemicals, CSIR - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 364002, India; Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 364002, India.
2
Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 364002, India; Discipline of Wasteland Research, CSIR - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 364002, India.
3
Discipline of Salt & Marine Chemicals, CSIR - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 364002, India.
4
Discipline of Salt & Marine Chemicals, CSIR - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 364002, India; Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 364002, India. Electronic address: smishra@csmcri.org.

Abstract

Lack of control over temperature is one of the major issues in large scale cultivation of microalgae. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the effects of cultivation temperature on the growth and physiology of microalgae. In the present study, freshwater microalgae Acutodesmus dimorphus was grown at different temperature in continuous and two stage cultivation. Results revealed that during continuous cultivation A. dimorphus grows better at 35°C than at 25°C and 38°C. At 35°C, A. dimorphus produced 22.7% lipid (containing 59% neutral lipid) and 33.7% carbohydrate along with 68% increase in biomass productivity (23.53mg/L/day) compared to 25°C grown culture. Stress biomarkers like reactive oxygen species, antioxidant enzymes like catalase and ascorbate peroxidase and lipid peroxidation were also lowest in 35°C grown culture which reveals that A. dimorphus is well acclimatized at 35°C.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidant enzymes; Biofuel; Microalgae; Reactive oxygen species; Temperature stress

PMID:
25600013
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2014.12.102
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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