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Crit Care Med. 2015 Feb;43(2):288-95. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000000715.

Fluid management with a simplified conservative protocol for the acute respiratory distress syndrome*.

Collaborators (198)

Hudson L, Gundel S, Hough C, Neff M, Sims K, Ungar A, Watkins T, Steingrub J, Tidswell M, Braden E, DeSouza L, Germain J, Kardos C, Kelley D, Kozikowski L, Ouellette S, Guntupalli K, Bandi V, Pope C, Ross C, Brower R, Fessler H, Hager D, Mendez-Tellez P, Needham D, Oakjones K, Sevransky J, Workneh A, Shanholtz C, Herr D, Howes H, Netzer G, Rock P, Sampaio A, Titus J, Sloane P, Beck T, Highfield H, King S, Lee B, Bolouri N, Wiedemann HP, Ashton RW, Culver DA, Frederick T, Guzman JA, Komara JJ Jr, Reddy AJ, Hejal R, Andrews M, Haney D, Connors AF, Lasalvia S, Thornton JD, Warren EL, Moss M, Burnham EL, Gray L, Maloney J, Mealer M, Douglas I, Overdier K, Thompson K, Wolken R, Frankel S, McKeehan J, Warner ML, Bost T, Higgins C, Hodgin K, MacIntyre N, Brown L, Cox C, Gentile M, Govert J, Knudsen N, Carson S, Chang L, Choudhury S, Hall W, Lanier J, Wheeler AP, Bernard GR, Hays M, Mogan S, Rice T, Hite RD, Bender K, Harvey A, Morris PE, Ragusky M, Wright P, Groce S, McLean J, Overton A, Truwit J, Enfield K, Marshall M, Morris A, Austin A, Barney S, Brown S, Ferguson J, Gallo H, Graydon T, Grissom C, Hirshberg E, Jephson A, Kumar N, Miller R, Murphy D, Orme J, Stowe A, Struck L, Thomas F, Ward D, Weaver L, Bailey P, Beninati W, Bezdijan L, Clemmer T, Rimkus S, Tanaka R, Lawton C, Hanselman D, Sundar K, Alward W, Bishop C, Eckley D, Hill T, Jensen B, Ludwig K, Nielsen D, Pearce M, Matthay MA, Calfee C, Daniel B, Eisner M, Garcia O, Kordesch K, Liu K, Shum N, Zhou H, Peterson MW, Blaauw J, Van Gundy K, Albertson T, Morrissey B, Vlastelin E, Hubmayr R, Brown D, Dubin M, Festic E, Gajic O, Hinds R, Holets S, Kor D, Lee A, Passe M, Simpson G, Wright J, de Boisblanc B, Antoine A, Charbonnet D, Hunt J, Lauto P, Marr A, Meyaski G, Romaine C, Tejedor R, Brierre S, Byrne J, Jagneaux T, LeBlanc C, Moreau K, Thomas C, Jain S, Taylor D, Seoane L, Hebert C, Thompson J, Simeone F, Fearon J, Schoenfeld D, Guha M, Hammond E, Lavery N, Lazar P, Morse R, Oldmixon C, Ringwood N, Smoot E, Thompson BT, Wilson R, Harabin A, Bredow S, Waclawiw M, Weinmann G.

Author information

1
1Division of Critical Care Medicine, Intermountain Medical Center, Murray, UT. 2Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Department of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. 3Division of Pediatric Critical Care, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. 4College of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. 5Division of Nephrology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA. 6Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA. 7Biostatistics Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. 8Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, MA. 9Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH. 10Department of Anesthesiology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

In the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial (FACTT) of the National Institutes of Health Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network, a conservative fluid protocol (FACTT Conservative) resulted in a lower cumulative fluid balance and better outcomes than a liberal fluid protocol (FACTT Liberal). Subsequent Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network studies used a simplified conservative fluid protocol (FACTT Lite). The objective of this study was to compare the performance of FACTT Lite, FACTT Conservative, and FACTT Liberal protocols.

DESIGN:

Retrospective comparison of FACTT Lite, FACTT Conservative, and FACTT Liberal. Primary outcome was cumulative fluid balance over 7 days. Secondary outcomes were 60-day adjusted mortality and ventilator-free days through day 28. Safety outcomes were prevalence of acute kidney injury and new shock.

SETTING:

ICUs of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network participating hospitals.

PATIENTS:

Five hundred three subjects managed with FACTT Conservative, 497 subjects managed with FACTT Liberal, and 1,124 subjects managed with FACTT Lite.

INTERVENTIONS:

Fluid management by protocol.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Cumulative fluid balance was 1,918 ± 323 mL in FACTT Lite, -136 ± 491 mL in FACTT Conservative, and 6,992 ± 502 mL in FACTT Liberal (p < 0.001). Mortality was not different between groups (24% in FACTT Lite, 25% in FACTT Conservative and Liberal, p = 0.84). Ventilator-free days in FACTT Lite (14.9 ± 0.3) were equivalent to FACTT Conservative (14.6 ± 0.5) (p = 0.61) and greater than in FACTT Liberal (12.1 ± 0.5, p < 0.001 vs Lite). Acute kidney injury prevalence was 58% in FACTT Lite and 57% in FACTT Conservative (p = 0.72). Prevalence of new shock in FACTT Lite (9%) was lower than in FACTT Conservative (13%) (p = 0.007 vs Lite) and similar to FACTT Liberal (11%) (p = 0.18 vs Lite).

CONCLUSIONS:

FACTT Lite had a greater cumulative fluid balance than FACTT Conservative but had equivalent clinical and safety outcomes. FACTT Lite is an alternative to FACTT Conservative for fluid management in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

PMID:
25599463
PMCID:
PMC4675623
DOI:
10.1097/CCM.0000000000000715
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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