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Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2015 May;19(3):372-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2014.12.021. Epub 2015 Jan 8.

Alterations in the trapezius muscle in young patients with migraine--a pilot case series with MRI.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatric Neurology and Developmental Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany; German Vertigo and Balance Center (DSGZ), Munich University Hospital, Germany. Electronic address: mirjam.landgraf@med.uni-muenchen.de.
2
Institute of Clinical Radiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
3
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatic and Psychotherapy, Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich, Germany; Psychiatry Neuroimaging Laboratory, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.
4
Department of Paediatric Neurology and Developmental Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
5
Department of Paediatric Neurology and Developmental Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany; German Vertigo and Balance Center (DSGZ), Munich University Hospital, Germany.
6
German Vertigo and Balance Center (DSGZ), Munich University Hospital, Germany; Department of Neurology, Campus Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
7
Institute of Social Paediatrics, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
8
Department of Neurology, Friedrich-Baur-Institut, Campus Innenstadt, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE:

Migraine is frequent in young adults and adolescents and often associated with neck muscle tension and pain. Common pathophysiological pathways, such as reciprocal cervico-trigeminal activation, are assumed. Tense areas within the neck muscles can be clinically observed many patients with migraine. The aim of this pilot case study was to visualize these tense areas via magnet resonance imaging (MRI).

METHODS:

Three young patients with migraine were examined by an experienced investigator. In all three patients tense areas in the trapezius muscles were palpated. These areas were marked by nitroglycerin capsules on the adjacent skin surface.

RESULTS:

The MRI showed focal signal alterations at the marked locations within the trapezius muscles.

CONCLUSION:

Visualization of palpable tense areas by MRI may be usefully applied in the future to help elucidate the underlying pathophysiological processes of migraine.

KEYWORDS:

Focal alterations; Magnetic resonance imaging; Migraine; Myofascial trigger points; Tense areas; Visualization

PMID:
25596902
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejpn.2014.12.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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