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Lupus. 2015 Jul;24(8):835-45. doi: 10.1177/0961203314566634. Epub 2015 Jan 14.

Periostin: a novel tissue biomarker correlates with chronicity index and renal function in lupus nephritis patients.

Author information

1
Bioactive Resources for Innovative Clinical Applications Research Unit and Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
2
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Phramongkutklao Hospital and College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand.
3
Department of Pathology, Phramongkutklao Hospital and College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand.
4
Bioactive Resources for Innovative Clinical Applications Research Unit and Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand aramwit@gmail.com.

Abstract

Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most serious complications in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). At present, there is no specific biomarker with high sensitivity and renal pathology involvement in use in clinical practice. Periostin is an extracellular matrix protein involved in kidney development and kidney injury. We performed immunohistochemical analysis for periostin and routine staining of 42 kidney tissues from LN patients compared with controlled kidney tissues. Activity index, chronicity index and periostin staining were evaluated and scored by a renal pathologist. Periglomerular staining of periostin was the most predominant finding. Positive periostin staining was also observed in areas with fibrosis such as sclerosed glomeruli, interstitial fibrosis and fibrous vessels. Moreover, the tubules seemed to be the main location for periostin staining. There was a statistically different level of periostin staining score between patient and control tissues. Periostin staining score also correlated with the chronicity index score of renal pathology (r = 0.594, p < 0.001). Periostin was also correlated with worsening renal outcomes including serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Subgroup analysis within patients with low activity index score or low chronicity index score found that there was a statistical difference in serum creatinine and eGFR between groups with low and high periostin staining scores. We concluded that periostin staining score correlated with chronicity index score and renal function in patients with lupus nephritis.

KEYWORDS:

Periostin; activity index; chronicity index; lupus nephritis; renal function

PMID:
25593049
DOI:
10.1177/0961203314566634
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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