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BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015 Jan 16;15:2. doi: 10.1186/s12884-015-0431-5.

Barriers and facilitators related to use of prenatal care by inner-city women: perceptions of health care providers.

Author information

1
College of Nursing Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, 89 Curry Place, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, Canada. Maureen.Heaman@umanitoba.ca.
2
Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 0W3, Canada. Maureen.Heaman@umanitoba.ca.
3
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, College of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 0L8, Canada. Maureen.Heaman@umanitoba.ca.
4
School of Nursing and Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada. sword@mcmaster.ca.
5
Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 0W3, Canada. Lawrence.Elliott@med.umanitoba.ca.
6
Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 0J9, Canada. Lawrence.Elliott@med.umanitoba.ca.
7
Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 0W3, Canada. mmoffatt@exchange.hsc.mb.ca.
8
Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, College of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3A 1S1, Canada. mmoffatt@exchange.hsc.mb.ca.
9
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, College of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 0L8, Canada. MHELEWA@sbgh.mb.ca.
10
Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T5G 1C9, Canada. hmmorris@ualberta.ca.
11
Department of Nursing, Red River College, Winnipeg, MB, R3H 0J9, Canada. pgregory@rrc.ca.
12
Public Health, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, Winnipeg, MB, R3A 0X7, Canada. ltjaden@wrha.mb.ca.
13
Population and Aboriginal Health, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, Winnipeg, MB, R3B 1E2, Canada. ccook@wrha.mb.ca.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Socioeconomic disparities in the use of prenatal care (PNC) exist even where care is universally available and publicly funded. Few studies have sought the perspectives of health care providers to understand and address this problem. The purpose of this study was to elicit the experiential knowledge of PNC providers in inner-city Winnipeg, Canada regarding their perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to PNC for the clients they serve and their suggestions on how PNC services might be improved to reduce disparities in utilization.

METHODS:

A descriptive exploratory qualitative design was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 24 health care providers serving women in inner-city neighborhoods with high rates of inadequate PNC. Content analysis was used to code the interviews based on broad categories (barriers, facilitators, suggestions). Emerging themes and subthemes were then developed and revised through the use of comparative analysis.

RESULTS:

Many of the barriers identified related to personal challenges faced by inner-city women (e.g., child care, transportation, addictions, lack of support). Other barriers related to aspects of service provision: caregiver qualities (lack of time, negative behaviors), health system barriers (shortage of providers), and program/service characteristics (distance, long waits, short visits). Suggestions to improve care mirrored the facilitators identified and included ideas to make PNC more accessible and convenient, and more responsive to the complex needs of this population.

CONCLUSIONS:

The broad scope of our findings reflects a socio-ecological approach to understanding the many determinants that influence whether or not inner-city women use PNC services. A shift to community-based PNC supported by a multidisciplinary team and expanded midwifery services has potential to address many of the barriers identified in our study.

PMID:
25591945
PMCID:
PMC4302607
DOI:
10.1186/s12884-015-0431-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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