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Adv Virus Res. 2015;91:175-227. doi: 10.1016/bs.aivir.2014.11.002. Epub 2014 Dec 12.

Control of viruses infecting grapevine.

Author information

1
Faculty of agriculture, Forestry and Natural Environment, School of Agriculture, Plant Pathology Lab, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. Electronic address: vmaliogk@agro.auth.gr.
2
Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro", Bari, Italy.
3
Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, New York, USA.
4
Faculty of agriculture, Forestry and Natural Environment, School of Agriculture, Plant Pathology Lab, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Abstract

Grapevine is a high value vegetatively propagated fruit crop that suffers from numerous viruses, including some that seriously affect the profitability of vineyards. Nowadays, 64 viruses belonging to different genera and families have been reported in grapevines and new virus species will likely be described in the future. Three viral diseases namely leafroll, rugose wood, and infectious degeneration are of major economic importance worldwide. The viruses associated with these diseases are transmitted by mealybugs, scale and soft scale insects, or dagger nematodes. Here, we review control measures of the major grapevine viral diseases. More specifically, emphasis is laid on (i) approaches for the production of clean stocks and propagative material through effective sanitation, robust diagnosis, as well as local and regional certification efforts, (ii) the management of vectors of viruses using cultural, biological, and chemical methods, and (iii) the production of resistant grapevines mainly through the application of genetic engineering. The benefits and limitations of the different control measures are discussed with regard to accomplishments and future research directions.

KEYWORDS:

Diagnosis; Epidemiology; Grapevine; Management; Resistance; Vectors; Virus diseases

PMID:
25591880
DOI:
10.1016/bs.aivir.2014.11.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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