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J Neurosci. 2015 Jan 14;35(2):678-87. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2510-14.2015.

Inflammasome-induced IL-1β secretion in microglia is characterized by delayed kinetics and is only partially dependent on inflammatory caspases.

Author information

1
Alternatives Unit.
2
Animal Science Department, Biomedical Primate Research Centre, 2288 GJ Rijswijk, The Netherlands.
3
Alternatives Unit, bajramovic@bprc.nl.

Abstract

Inflammasomes are multiprotein complexes that link pathogen recognition and cellular stress to the processing of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Whereas inflammasome-mediated activation is heavily studied in hematopoietic macrophages and dendritic cells, much less is known about microglia, resident tissue macrophages of the brain that originate from a distinct progenitor. To directly compare inflammasome-mediated activation in different types of macrophages, we isolated primary microglia and hematopoietic macrophages from adult, healthy rhesus macaques. We analyzed the expression profile of NOD (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain)-like receptors, adaptor proteins, and caspases and characterized inflammasome activation and regulation in detail. We here demonstrate that primary microglia can respond to the same innate stimuli as hematopoietic macrophages. However, microglial responses are more persistent due to lack of negative regulation on pro-IL-1β expression. In addition, we show that while caspase 1, 4, and 5 activation is pivotal for inflammasome-induced IL-1β secretion by hematopoietic macrophages, microglial secretion of IL-1β is only partially dependent on these inflammatory caspases. These results identify key cell type-specific differences that may aid the development of strategies to modulate innate immune responses in the brain.

KEYWORDS:

IL-1β; inflammasome; inflammatory caspases; macrophages; microglia

PMID:
25589762
DOI:
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2510-14.2015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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