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Adv Exp Med Biol. 1989;247B:1-8.

Human kallistatin, a new tissue kallikrein-binding protein: purification and characterization.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425.


A new and specific tissue kallikrein-binding protein was identified in mammalian serum and in secreted transformed-cell culture media (Chao et al., Biochem. J. 239: 325-331, 1986). We have designated this kallikrein-binding protein as "kallistatin". Human kallistatin has been purified from serum, using chromatographic steps including DEAE-Sephadex, hydroxylapatite, Cibacron blue-Sepharose, Sephacryl S200, and preparative polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The purified kallistatin consists of a single polypeptide chain with an apparent molecular weight of approximately 54 kDa and isoelectric point of approximately 5.0. Kallistatin was eluted as a single peak on reverse-phase HPLC. The purified kallistatin and 125I-labelled human tissue kallikrein form a approximately a 92 kDa SDS- and heat-stable complex. The complex formation is pH dependent and is inhibited by 0.1% (W/V) of deoxycholate or SDS but not by 0.5% (W/V) of Triton X-100, digitonin, Lubrol or CHAPS. A approximately 54 kDa protein was identified in partially purified kallistatin by polyclonal anti-kallistatin antibodies in Western blot analysis and by its binding to 125I-labelled-human tissue kallikrein in ligand blotting. The role of kallistatin in regulating tissue kallikrein activity and metabolism may now be evaluated.

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