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Neuroimage. 2015 Apr 1;109:160-70. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.01.010. Epub 2015 Jan 10.

Effects of rejecting diffusion directions on tensor-derived parameters.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
2
Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address: Duan.Xu@ucsf.edu.

Abstract

Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) is adversely affected by subject motion. It is necessary to discard the corrupted images before diffusion parameter estimation. However, the consequences of rejecting those images are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the effects of excluding one or more volumes of diffusion weighted images by analyzing the changes in fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD), radial diffusivity (RD) and the primary eigenvector (V1). Based on the full set of diffusion images acquired by the Jones30 diffusion scheme, we generated incomplete sets of at least six in three different ways: random, uniform and clustered rejections. The results showed that MD was not significantly affected by rejecting diffusion directions. In the cases of random rejections, FA, AD, RD and V1 were overestimated more greatly with increasing number of rejections and the overestimations were worse in low FA regions than high FA regions. For uniform rejections, at which the remaining diffusion directions are evenly distributed on a sphere, little change was observed in FA and in V1. Clustered rejections, on the other hand, displayed the most significant overestimation of the parameters, and the resulting accuracy depended on the relative orientation of the underlying fibers with respect to the excluded directions. In practice, if diffusion direction data is excluded, it is important to note the number and location of directions rejected, in order to make a more precise analysis of the data.

KEYWORDS:

Anisotropy; Brain; DTI; MRI; Motion

PMID:
25585018
PMCID:
PMC4339467
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.01.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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