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J Clin Diagn Res. 2014 Nov;8(11):ZC09-12. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2014/8669.5100. Epub 2014 Nov 20.

Domestic violence and its effect on oral health behaviour and oral health status.

Author information

1
Tutor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India .
2
Professor & Head Department, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India .
3
Reader, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India .
4
Reader Department of Public Health Dentistry, Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India .
5
Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India .

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Violence against women is one of the major public health and human rights problem in the world today. Hence, the present study was conducted with the aim to assess the effect of domestic violence on oral health behavior and oral health status of females attending community outreach programmes in and around Modinagar.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was conducted through the community outreach programmes organized in Modinagar. A structured questionnaire was used to illicit information regarding socio demographic characteristics, oral health behavior and domestic violence. The dental health examination was done to record dental health status, intraoral and extraoral soft tissue injury, tooth fracture and tooth avulsion due to the injury.

RESULTS:

Out of the total 304 women, 204(67.1%) reported positive domestic violence. Psychological violence was found to be severe whereas sexual violence was found to be mild in most of the cases. Significant difference was found between oral hygiene aids used , frequency of tooth brushing, periodontal status, missing teeth, intraoral soft tissue injuries and fractures between both the groups (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The present study confirmed that domestic violence had significant influence on oral health behavior and oral health status of women. Thus, the dental professionals also should make an attempt to help victims gain access to support and referral services and to provide adequate treatment to them so as to make a positive difference in their lives.

KEYWORDS:

Abuse; Domestic violence; Oral health behaviour; Oral health status

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