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J Bacteriol. 2015 Mar;197(6):1075-82. doi: 10.1128/JB.02352-14. Epub 2015 Jan 12.

Small-molecule inhibitors of gram-negative lipoprotein trafficking discovered by phenotypic screening.

Author information

1
Department of Bioscience, Infection Innovative Medicines Unit, AstraZeneca R&D Boston, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA sarah.mcleod@astrazeneca.com.
2
Department of Chemistry, Infection Innovative Medicines Unit, AstraZeneca R&D Boston, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA.
3
Department of Bioscience, Infection Innovative Medicines Unit, AstraZeneca R&D Boston, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA.
4
University of Morioka, Takizawa, Iwate, Japan.

Abstract

In Gram-negative bacteria, lipoproteins are transported to the outer membrane by the Lol system. In this process, lipoproteins are released from the inner membrane by the ABC transporter LolCDE and passed to LolA, a diffusible periplasmic molecular chaperone. Lipoproteins are then transferred to the outer membrane receptor protein, LolB, for insertion in the outer membrane. Here we describe the discovery and characterization of novel pyridineimidazole compounds that inhibit this process. Escherichia coli mutants resistant to the pyridineimidazoles show no cross-resistance to other classes of antibiotics and map to either the LolC or LolE protein of the LolCDE transporter complex. The pyridineimidazoles were shown to inhibit the LolA-dependent release of the lipoprotein Lpp from E. coli spheroplasts. These results combined with bacterial cytological profiling are consistent with LolCDE-mediated disruption of lipoprotein targeting to the outer membrane as the mode of action of these pyridineimidazoles. The pyridineimidazoles are the first reported inhibitors of the LolCDE complex, a target which has never been exploited for therapeutic intervention. These compounds open the door to further interrogation of the outer membrane lipoprotein transport pathway as a target for antimicrobial therapy.

PMID:
25583975
PMCID:
PMC4336340
DOI:
10.1128/JB.02352-14
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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