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Sci Rep. 2015 Jan 13;5:7749. doi: 10.1038/srep07749.

No DNA damage response and negligible genome-wide transcriptional changes in human embryonic stem cells exposed to terahertz radiation.

Author information

1
1] Vavilov Institute of General Genetics RAS, Moscow, Russia [2] Skoltech Center for Stem Cell Research, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Skolkovo, Moscow Region, Russia.
2
Institute of Cytology and Genetics RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia.
3
Budker Institute of Nucleic Physics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia.
4
Centre "Bioengineering" RAS, Moscow, Russia.
5
1] Vavilov Institute of General Genetics RAS, Moscow, Russia [2] Scientific Research Institute of Physical-Chemical Medicine, Moscow, Russia [3] Skoltech Center for Stem Cell Research, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Skolkovo, Moscow Region, Russia.

Abstract

Terahertz (THz) radiation was proposed recently for use in various applications, including medical imaging and security scanners. However, there are concerns regarding the possible biological effects of non-ionising electromagnetic radiation in the THz range on cells. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are extremely sensitive to environmental stimuli, and we therefore utilised this cell model to investigate the non-thermal effects of THz irradiation. We studied DNA damage and transcriptome responses in hESCs exposed to narrow-band THz radiation (2.3 THz) under strict temperature control. The transcription of approximately 1% of genes was subtly increased following THz irradiation. Functional annotation enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes revealed 15 functional classes, which were mostly related to mitochondria. Terahertz irradiation did not induce the formation of γH2AX foci or structural chromosomal aberrations in hESCs. We did not observe any effect on the mitotic index or morphology of the hESCs following THz exposure.

PMID:
25582954
PMCID:
PMC4291560
DOI:
10.1038/srep07749
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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