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Ann Biol Clin (Paris). 2015 Jan-Feb;73(1):11-23. doi: 10.1684/abc.2014.1016.

[Sample preparation and bioanalysis in mass spectrometry].

[Article in French]

Author information

Laboratoire de toxicologie biologique, Hôpital Lariboisière, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France, CNRS UMR 8638-Comete, Faculté de pharmacie, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
Thionville, France.


The quantitative analysis of compounds of clinical interest of low molecular weight (<1000 Da) in biological fluids is currently in most cases performed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Analysis of these compounds in biological fluids (plasma, urine, saliva, hair...) is a difficult task requiring a sample preparation. Sample preparation is a crucial part of chemical/biological analysis and in a sense is considered the bottleneck of the whole analytical process. The main objectives of sample preparation are the removal of potential interferences, analyte preconcentration, and converting (if needed) the analyte into a more suitable form for detection or separation. Without chromatographic separation, endogenous compounds, co-eluted products may affect a quantitative method in mass spectrometry performance. This work focuses on three distinct parts. First, quantitative bioanalysis will be defined, different matrices and sample preparation techniques currently used in bioanalysis by mass spectrometry of/for small molecules of clinical interest in biological fluids. In a second step the goals of sample preparation will be described. Finally, in a third step, sample preparation strategies will be made either directly ("dilute and shoot") or after precipitation.


bioanalysis; biological fluids; mass spectrometry; quantitation

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