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Annu Rev Public Health. 2015 Mar 18;36:39-53. doi: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031914-122509. Epub 2015 Jan 7.

Cure violence: a public health model to reduce gun violence.

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John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York, New York, NY 10019; email:


Scholars and practitioners alike in recent years have suggested that real and lasting progress in the fight against gun violence requires changing the social norms and attitudes that perpetuate violence and the use of guns. The Cure Violence model is a public health approach to gun violence reduction that seeks to change individual and community attitudes and norms about gun violence. It considers gun violence to be analogous to a communicable disease that passes from person to person when left untreated. Cure Violence operates independently of, while hopefully not undermining, law enforcement. In this article, we describe the theoretical basis for the program, review existing program evaluations, identify several challenges facing evaluators, and offer directions for future research.


conflict resolution; crime; norms; program evaluation

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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