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J Menopausal Med. 2014 Dec;20(3):118-25. doi: 10.6118/jmm.2014.20.3.118. Epub 2014 Dec 24.

Menopause Knowledge, Attitude, Symptom and Management among Midlife Employed Women.

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Department of Outpatient Clinic, Konkuk University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Doctor's Course in Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.
College of Nursing, Konkuk University, Chungju, Korea.



Midlife women's knowledge, positive attitudes and management toward menopause may improve the quality of peri and post-menopause life. This study was to identify correlations of the knowledge, attitude, symptoms and management toward menopause in middle-aged women.


We used a cross-sectional questionnaire study applying to 231 perimenopausal and menopausal women aged from 40 to 59 years old. The completed data of 189 perimenopausal and menopausal women were analyzed through t-test, ANOVA and pearson's correlation coefficient using the SPSS statistical programme.


The menopausal women showed significantly higher physical symptoms than perimenopausal women. The menopausal women showed significantly higher psychosomatic symptom than perimenopausal women. There was a significant correlation between the menopausal attitude and management.


This study suggests that the fundamental data of developing midlife women's symptom index (MSI) and providing menopause management could be a strategy to encourage successful menopausal transition in middle-aged women.


Attitudes; Knowledge; Management; Menopause; Symptom

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