Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Curr Opin Immunol. 2015 Jun;34:16-21. doi: 10.1016/j.coi.2014.12.006. Epub 2015 Jan 9.

Modulation of antigen presentation by intracellular trafficking.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, The University of Melbourne, 30 Flemington Rd, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia. Electronic address: jmintern@unimelb.edu.au.
2
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, The University of Melbourne, 30 Flemington Rd, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia.
3
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, The University of Melbourne, 30 Flemington Rd, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia. Electronic address: j.villadangos@unimelb.edu.au.

Abstract

Processing and loading of antigen into major histocompatibility complex molecules (MHC) occurs in specific intracellular compartments. Accessing MHC loading compartments requires trafficking via specific pathways, some of which have yet to be fully characterized. For MHC I, cross-presentation involves antigen trafficking to a specialised compartment. We review the features of this compartment and how it is accessed by different mechanisms of antigen capture and internalization. We also summarize advances in understanding how antigen efficiently accesses the MHC II loading compartment, with particular focus on the role of autophagy. Understanding the mechanisms that control how antigen is trafficked to specific compartments for loading and presentation is crucial if these pathways are to be manipulated more effectively in settings of vaccination.

PMID:
25578446
DOI:
10.1016/j.coi.2014.12.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center