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Arch Virol. 1989;108(3-4):259-70.

Pattern of anti-cytomegalovirus IgM antibodies determined by immunoblotting. A study of kidney graft recipients developing a primary or recurrent CMV infection.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Virologie du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Lyon, France.

Abstract

In order to improve the knowledge of the humoral immune response to CMV infection, we developed an immunoblotting technique which allowed a better analysis of the changes in the pattern of anti CMV-polypeptides IgM. We examined 234 sera belonging to 27 renal allograft recipients developing a primary or recurrent CMV infection and 12 non infected recipients. Thus we found that 11 main anti CMV-polypeptides IgM antibodies were present in over 25% of the infected patients. They reacted with proteins whose molecular weights ranged from 32K to 205K. We showed that anti-p 45-47 IgM antibodies were present in 100% of CMV infected recipients and never in the non-infected population. They appeared very early in the course of the infection (5.43 weeks post-graft for primary infection and 5.00 weeks for recurrent ones) and, therefore, constitute a good marker of active infection. Two other CMV-specific IgM antibodies (anti-p 60-64 and anti-p 100) were found exclusively in the course of primary infections. Anti-p 60-64 IgM was observed at a high frequency (57.1%) and with a mean delay of 6.57 weeks post-graft. Therefore, the anti-p 60-64 IgM detection could be helpful for the diagnosis of primary infection. In almost 100% of both primary and recurrent infections, we observed anti-p 140 and anti-p 38 IgM antibodies. Only about 50% of non-infected patients had low levels of anti-p 140 and anti-p 38 IgM. The follow-up of recurrent infections showed that the anti CMV-polypeptides IgM antibodies appeared earlier than in primary infection. When we compared anti-p 45-47 IgM detection by immunoblotting and anti-CMV IgM detected by ELISA we observed that immunoblotting permitted the diagnosis 2.5 weeks earlier for primary infection, and 1 week earlier for recurrent infection, than ELISA. In addition, the detection of anti-p 45-47 IgM antibodies also occurred earlier than virus excretion.

PMID:
2557810
DOI:
10.1007/bf01310938
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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