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Infect Genet Evol. 2015 Mar;30:278-287. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2014.12.037. Epub 2015 Jan 9.

Identification of diverse circular single-stranded DNA viruses in adult dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Arizona and Oklahoma, USA.

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School of Biological Sciences and Biomolecular Interaction Centre, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand.
School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA.
2319 Louise Lane, Norman, OK 73071, USA.
Plant Health & Environment Laboratory, Investigation and Diagnostic Centres and Response, Ministry for Primary Industries, Christchurch, New Zealand.
School of Anthropology, University of Arizona, 1009 E South Campus Drive, Tucson, AZ 85721-0030, USA.
School of Biological Sciences and Biomolecular Interaction Centre, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand; Division of Medical Biochemistry, Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, University of Cape Town, Observatory, 7700, South Africa; Department of Plant Pathology and Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. Electronic address:


Next generation sequencing and metagenomic approaches are commonly used for the identification of circular replication associated protein (Rep)-encoding single stranded (CRESS) DNA viruses circulating in various environments. These approaches have enabled the discovery of some CRESS DNA viruses associated with insects. In this study we identified and recovered 31 viral genomes which represent 24 distinct CRESS DNA viruses from seven dragonfly species (Rhionaeschna multicolor, Erythemis simplicicollis, Erythrodiplax fusca, Libellula quadrimaculata, Libellula saturata, Pachydiplax longipennis, and Pantala hymenaea) and two damselfly species (Ischnura posita, Ischnura ramburii) sampled in various locations in the states of Arizona and Oklahoma of the United States of America (USA). We also identified Sclerotinia sclerotiorum hypovirulence-associated DNA virus-1 (SsHADV-1) in P. hymenaea, E. simplicicollis and I. ramburii sampled in Oklahoma, which is the first report of SsHADV-1 in the New World. The genome architectures of the CRESS DNA viruses recovered vary, but they all have at least two major open reading frames (ORFs) that have either a bidirectional or unidirectional arrangement. Four of the viral genomes recovered, in addition to the three isolates of SsHADV-1, show similarities to viruses of the proposed gemycircularvirus group. Analysis of the Rep encoded by the remaining 24 viral genomes reveals that these are highly diverse and allude to the fact that they represent novel CRESS DNA viruses.


Odonata; Replication-associated protein; Sclerotinia sclerotiorum; SsHADV-1; ssDNA viruses

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