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Immunobiology. 2015 Jun;220(6):807-16. doi: 10.1016/j.imbio.2014.12.013. Epub 2014 Dec 30.

Association between VDR polymorphisms and rheumatoid arthritis disease: Systematic review and updated meta-analysis of case-control studies.

Author information

1
Tunis El Manar University, Faculty of Medicine Tunis, Division of Histology and Immunology, Department of Basic Sciences, 15 Rue Djebel Lakdar, 1007 Tunis, Tunisia. Electronic address: kalttizaoui@gmail.com.
2
Tunis El Manar University, Faculty of Medicine Tunis, Division of Histology and Immunology, Department of Basic Sciences, 15 Rue Djebel Lakdar, 1007 Tunis, Tunisia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms have been inconsistently investigated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, published studies demonstrated differences concerning design and effect size. A meta-analysis is necessary to determine the magnitude of the association between VDR polymorphisms and RA risk.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the current study was to quantify the magnitude of the association between TaqI, BsmI, and FokI VDR polymorphisms with RA risk.

METHODS:

Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic search and meta-analysis of the literature were conducted. Analyses were performed in the random effects model by using recessive, dominant, codominant, homozygous, and allele contrast models.

RESULTS:

A total of 1703 cases and 2635 controls in 12 case-control studies were included in the meta-analyses. Results indicated a significant association between TaqI polymorphism and RA disease in homozygous, codominant and allele contrast models (P=0.008, P=0.015, P=0.006 and P=0.002, respectively). Association between BsmI polymorphism and RA risk was marginal in the dominant, codominant and allele contrast models (P=0.057, P=0.071, and P=0.069, respectively). Te association between FokI polymorphism and RA risk was significant in the recessive, dominant and allele contrast models (P=0.045, P=0.027, and P=0.013, respectively). Subgroup analysis showed that publication year, ethnicity, age, latitude, and estimated 25(OH)D levels influenced significantly the association between VDR polymorphisms and RA risk.

CONCLUSION:

TaqI and FokI VDR polymorphisms contributed significantly to RA risk. Study characteristics influenced the association between VDR polymorphisms and RA disease.

KEYWORDS:

BsmI; FokI; Meta-analysis; Rheumatoid arthritis; TaqI; VDR polymorphism

PMID:
25577294
DOI:
10.1016/j.imbio.2014.12.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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