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Lung Cancer. 2015 Feb;87(2):162-8. doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2014.12.005. Epub 2014 Dec 18.

Genetic variants in genes of tricarboxylic acid cycle key enzymes are associated with prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biologyand Experimental Teaching Center of Basic Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an710032, China.
2
Department of Breast Center, Tumor Hospital of Shaanxi Province, Xi'an 710061, China.
3
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710038, China.
4
Division of Population Science, Department of Medical Oncology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. Electronic address: hushan.yang@jefferson.edu.
5
State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biologyand Experimental Teaching Center of Basic Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an710032, China. Electronic address: xingjinliang@163.com.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is characterized by poor prognosis and only a few molecular markers may be potentially used to predict the outcome. Metabolic reprogramming is a hallmark of cancer, including the alterations of tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle key enzymes. However, the significance of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes encoding these key enzymes has not been investigated in NSCLC.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In this study, we genotyped 18 potentially functional SNPs in 7 genes belonging to 3 TCA cycle enzyme families (SDH, FH and IDH) using Sequenom iPLEX genotyping system in a cohort of 500 NSCLC patients. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards model and Kaplan-Meier curve were used for the survival analysis.

RESULTS:

Our results showed that SDHC gene: SNP rs12064957, IDH2 gene: SNP rs11540478 and FH gene: SNP rs1414493 were associated with overall survival (OS) and SDHA gene: SNP rs13173911, IDH2 gene: SNP rs4932158 were associated with recurrence-free survival (RFS) of NSCLC patients. Unfavorable genotypes of these SNPs showed a significant cumulative effect on OS and RFS of NSCLC patients (both P<0.001). Furthermore, survival tree analysis indicated that FH: rs1414493 was the primary risk factor contributing to OS of NSCLC patients and the IDH2: rs4932158 was the primary risk factor contributing to RFS of NSCLC patients.

CONCLUSION:

Our data suggest that SNPs in TCA cycle key enzyme genes may serve as potential biomarkers to predict the outcomes of NSCLC. Further studies with different ethnicities are needed to validate our findings and generalize their clinical utility.

KEYWORDS:

Fumarate hydratase; Isocitrate dehydrogenase; Non-small cell lung cancer; Prognosis; Single nucleotide polymorphisms; Succinate dehydrogenase; Tricarboxylic acid cycle

PMID:
25576295
DOI:
10.1016/j.lungcan.2014.12.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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