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J Hosp Infect. 2015 Feb;89(2):82-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2014.10.008. Epub 2014 Dec 4.

Risk factors for periprosthetic joint infection after total joint arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, PR China; Key Laboratory of Biomechanics of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, PR China.
2
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, PR China; Key Laboratory of Biomechanics of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, PR China. Electronic address: dryzzhang@126.com.

Abstract

Many of the mooted risk factors associated with periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) remain controversial and are not well characterized. Online and manual searches were performed using Medline, Embase, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure and the Cochrane Central Database from January 1980 to March 2014). For inclusion, studies had to meet the quality assessment criteria of the CONSORT statement, and be concerned with evaluation of risk factors for PJI after TJA. Two reviewers extracted the relevant data independently and any disagreements were resolved by consensus. Fourteen studies were included in this meta-analysis. The following significant risk factors for PJI were identified: body mass index (both continuous and dichotomous variables); diabetes mellitus; corticosteroid therapy; hypoalbuminaemia; history of rheumatoid arthritis; blood transfusion; presence of a wound drain; wound dehiscence; superficial surgical site infection; coagulopathy; malignancy, immunodepression; National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance Score ≥2; other nosocomial infection; prolonged operative time; and previous surgery. Factors that were not significantly associated with PJI were: cirrhosis; hypothyroidism; urinary tract infection; illicit drug abuse; alcohol abuse; hypercholesterolaemia; hypertension, ischaemic heart disease; peptic ulcer disease; hemiplegia or paraplegia; dementia; and operation performed by a staff surgeon (vs a trainee). Strategies to prevent PJI after TJA should focus, in particular, on those patients at greatest risk of infection according to their individual risk factors.

KEYWORDS:

Meta-analysis; Periprosthetic joint infection; Risk factors; Total joint arthroplasty

PMID:
25575769
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhin.2014.10.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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