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J Physiol. 1989 May;412:277-96.

Reduction by general anaesthetics of group Ia excitatory postsynaptic potentials and currents in the cat spinal cord.

Author information

1
Experimental Neurology Unit, John Curtin School of Medical Research, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Abstract

1. The effects of thiopentone and halothane on excitatory synaptic transmission at group Ia afferent synapses on lumbosacral motoneurones were studied in the anaesthetized or decerebrate cat. 2. Thiopentone (10 mg kg-1) infused on a background of light pentobarbitone anaesthesia caused a decrease in single-fibre monosynaptic group Ia excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) of between 0 and 24%. A step increase in inspired halothane concentration in the range 0.7-0.9% produced a decrease in EPSP amplitude of between 0 and 31%. These effects were reversible when the anaesthetic level was reduced. 3. Fluctuation analysis of selected single-fibre group Ia EPSPs revealed that these effects could be accounted for by a decrease in the probability of occurrence of EPSPs of larger amplitude, and an increase in the probability of occurrence of EPSPs of smaller amplitude. The mean separation between discrete amplitudes was not altered by either anaesthetic agent. 4. EPSPs whose time course indicated a somatic site of origin were voltage clamped to study the effect of the anaesthetics on the time course of the synaptic currents. Neither thiopentone nor halothane produced a consistent effect on the time constant of decay of the current, although they both depressed its peak amplitude. 5. The results are interpreted as indicating a presynaptic site of action of both anaesthetics at the concentrations studied: the probability of release of neurotransmitter is reduced, without any detectable change in the mean duration of the postsynaptic conductance increase. These findings are discussed in relation to the mechanisms of action of anaesthetics on exocytosis and presynaptic inhibition.

PMID:
2557427
PMCID:
PMC1190575
DOI:
10.1113/jphysiol.1989.sp017615
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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