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J Consult Clin Psychol. 1989 Dec;57(6):698-704.

Matching alcoholics to coping skills or interactional therapies: posttreatment results.


This study tested the hypothesis that patients could be matched to effective treatments on the basis of certain pretreatment characteristics. Specifically, it was hypothesized that those Ss who showed more sociopathy, more psychopathology, and greater neuropsychological impairment would have better outcomes when treated with coping skills training and, conversely, that those with less impairment in these areas would have better outcomes with interactional treatment. Ninety-six male and female Ss were recruited from an inpatient alcoholism treatment program and randomly assigned to 1 of these 2 types of aftercare group treatment. Linear and logistic regression analyses partially confirmed the hypotheses. Coping skills training was more effective for Ss higher in sociopathy or psychopathology, and interactional therapy was more effective for Ss lower in sociopathy. Generally, both treatments appeared equally effective for Ss lower in psychopathology. Contrary to expectations, those more neuropsychologically impaired appeared to have better outcomes after interactional therapy.

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