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Pathol Oncol Res. 2015 Jul;21(3):743-9. doi: 10.1007/s12253-014-9884-5. Epub 2015 Jan 9.

Functional variants of lipid level modifier MLXIPL, GCKR, GALNT2, CILP2, ANGPTL3 and TRIB1 genes in healthy Roma and Hungarian populations.

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Department of Medical Genetics, Clinical Centre, University of Pecs, Szigeti u. 12, Pecs, H-7624, Hungary,


The role of triglyceride metabolism in different diseases, such as cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases is still under extensive investigations. In genome-wide studies several polymorphisms have been reported, which are highly associated with plasma lipid level changes. Our goal was to examine eight variants: rs12130333 at the ANGPTL3, rs16996148 at the CILP2, rs17321515 at the TRIB1, rs17145738 and rs3812316 of the MLXIPL, rs4846914 at GALNT2, rs1260326 and rs780094 residing at the GCKR loci. A total of 399 Roma (Gypsy) and 404 Hungarian population samples were genotyped using PCR-RFLP method. Significant differences were found between Roma and Hungarian population samples in both MLXIPL variants (C allele frequency of rs17145738: 94.1% vs. 85.6%, C allele frequency of rs3812316: 94.2% vs. 86.8% in Romas vs. in Hungarians, p < 0.05), in ANGPTL3 (T allele frequency of rs1213033: 12.2% vs. 18.5% in Romas vs. Hungarians, p < 0.05) and GALNT2 (G allele frequency of rs4846914: 46.6% vs. 54.5% Romas vs. in Hungarians, p < 0.05), while no differences over SNPs could be verified and the known minor alleles showed no correlation with triglyceride levels in any population samples. The current study revealed fundamental differences of known triglyceride modifying SNPs in Roma population. Failure of finding evidence for affected triglyceride metabolism shows that these susceptibility genes are much less effective compared for example to the apolipoprotein A5 gene.

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