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Int J Immunopharmacol. 1989;11(7):801-8.

Phagocytosis and bactericidal action of mouse peritoneal macrophages treated with leukotriene B4.

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Department of Dermatology, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi-ken, Japan.


The effects of exogenous leukotriene B4 (LTB4) on the resistance of mouse peritoneal macrophages against Salmonella (S.) typhimurium and Pseudomonas (P.) aeruginosa infections were studied. In vitro, LTB4 added to macrophage monolayers at final concentrations of 10(-12)-10(-8) M, enhanced their phagocytosis of S. typhimurium to 2.3 times the control level and that of P. aeruginosa to 1.8 times the control level. The intracellular killing rates were also elevated by the addition of LTB4: for S. typhimurium, 83.3% (LTB4) vs 59.1% (control) and for P. aeruginosa, 46.5% (LTB4) vs 9.2% (control). In vivo, intraperitoneally injected LTB4 (5 ng) enhanced the clearance at 24 h of intraperitoneally injected S. typhimurium from the mouse peritoneal cavity (2.38 x 10(3) +/- 0.94 x 10(3) cells [LTB4] vs 5.73 x 10(5) +/- 1.90 x 10(5) [control]) and spleen (5.00 x 10(2) +/- 0.94 x 10(2) [LTB4] vs 2.47 x 10(4) +/- 0.84 x 10(4) [control]), but this effect disappeared by 48 h. In contrast, in beige mice, an experimental model of the Ch├ędiak-Higashi syndrome that is characterized by susceptibility to bacterial infection, there was no induction of the eliminating effect by intraperitoneal injection of LTB4. Activation of macrophages by exogenous LTB4 seemed to have contributed to such an augmented resistance of macrophages to bacterial infection. This study suggested a possible use of LTB4 in bacterial infectious diseases whereby phagocytes are able to play a key role in host defense.

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