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Curr Genet. 2015 Aug;61(3):359-72. doi: 10.1007/s00294-014-0467-5. Epub 2015 Jan 9.

Damage response involves mechanisms conserved across plants, animals and fungi.

Author information

1
Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad, CINVESTAV-Irapuato, 36821, Irapuato, GTO, México.

Abstract

All organisms are constantly exposed to adverse environmental conditions including mechanical damage, which may alter various physiological aspects of growth, development and reproduction. In plant and animal systems, the damage response mechanism has been widely studied. Both systems posses a conserved and sophisticated mechanism that in general is aimed at repairing and preventing future damage, and causes dramatic changes in their transcriptomes, proteomes, and metabolomes. These damage-induced changes are mediated by elaborate signaling networks, which include receptors/sensors, calcium (Ca(2+)) influx, ATP release, kinase cascades, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and oxylipin signaling pathways. In contrast, our current knowledge of how fungi respond to injury is limited, even though various reports indicate that mechanical damage triggers reproductive processes. In fungi, the damage response mechanism has been studied more in depth in Trichoderma atroviride. Interestingly, these studies indicate that the mechanical damage response involves ROS, Ca(2+), kinase cascades, and lipid signaling pathways. Here we compare the response to mechanical damage in plants, animals and fungi and provide evidence that they appear to share signaling molecules and pathways, suggesting evolutionary conservation across the three kingdoms.

PMID:
25572693
DOI:
10.1007/s00294-014-0467-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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