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Exp Mol Pathol. 1989 Dec;51(3):264-74.

Tissue-specific expression of c-Ha-ras in premalignant gastrointestinal mucosae.

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Department of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore.


The molecular mechanisms underlying premalignant gastrointestinal diseases, such as ulcerative colitis and Barrett's esophagus, remain unknown. For this reason, the expression of the protooncogene c-Ha-ras was studied in ulcerative colitis and Barrett's esophagus. Total cellular RNA was extracted from different regions of the gastrointestinal tract in these two diseases. Expression of c-Ha-ras was greater in proximal than in distal colon and undetectable in Barrett's esophagus. These regional differences in expression were not seen with the control gene beta-actin or with the protooncogenes c-myc and p53. In order to evaluate structural factors contributing to expression, amplification and methylation of c-Ha-ras DNA were studied in these tissues by Southern and slot blotting. No amplification of c-Ha-ras or six other protooncogenes was detected. These data suggest tissue-specific regulation of c-Ha-ras expression in the gastrointestinal tract in certain premalignant disease states.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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