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Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2014;2014:6270-3. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2014.6945062.

A cascaded two-step Kalman filter for estimation of human body segment orientation using MEMS-IMU.

Abstract

Orientation of human body segments is an important quantity in many biomechanical analyses. To get robust and drift-free 3-D orientation, raw data from miniature body worn MEMS-based inertial measurement units (IMU) should be blended in a Kalman filter. Aiming at less computational cost, this work presents a novel cascaded two-step Kalman filter orientation estimation algorithm. Tilt angles are estimated in the first step of the proposed cascaded Kalman filter. The estimated tilt angles are passed to the second step of the filter for yaw angle calculation. The orientation results are benchmarked against the ones from a highly accurate tactical grade IMU. Experimental results reveal that the proposed algorithm provides robust orientation estimation in both kinematically and magnetically disturbed conditions.

PMID:
25571430
DOI:
10.1109/EMBC.2014.6945062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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