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Neurology. 2015 Feb 3;84(5):500-7. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000001212. Epub 2015 Jan 7.

Age dependence of brain β-amyloid deposition in Down syndrome: An [18F]florbetaben PET study.

Author information

1
From the Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders (D.J., J.S., K.M.), New Haven, CT; Banner Sun Health Research Institute (M.S.), Sun City, AZ; McLean Hospital (F.L.), Belmont, MA; University of Vermont College of Medicine (W.H.), Burlington, VT; Piramal Imaging GmbH (S.B., A.S., A.M.C.), Berlin, Germany; MRI Research Unit (M.G.), Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain; Navidea Biopharmaceuticals (C.R.) (formerly at Bayer Healthcare); and Bayer Healthcare (B.P.), Berlin, Germany. DJennings@indd.org.
2
From the Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders (D.J., J.S., K.M.), New Haven, CT; Banner Sun Health Research Institute (M.S.), Sun City, AZ; McLean Hospital (F.L.), Belmont, MA; University of Vermont College of Medicine (W.H.), Burlington, VT; Piramal Imaging GmbH (S.B., A.S., A.M.C.), Berlin, Germany; MRI Research Unit (M.G.), Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain; Navidea Biopharmaceuticals (C.R.) (formerly at Bayer Healthcare); and Bayer Healthcare (B.P.), Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate brain β-amyloid binding in subjects with Down syndrome (DS) using [(18)F]florbetaben PET imaging.

METHODS:

Thirty-nine subjects with DS (46.3 ± 4.7 years) were assessed with [(18)F]florbetaben PET imaging. Three blinded independent readers assessed the scans to provide a visual analysis. The primary quantitative imaging outcome was a standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) obtained for 6 brain regions. Cognitive status was evaluated using the Dementia Screening Questionnaire for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities (DSQIID).

RESULTS:

[(18)F]Florbetaben uptake was correlated with age (p < 0.0001, R(2) = 0.39); 90% of scans in subjects with DS aged 50 years or older (SUVR = 1.62 ± 0.26), 53% in those aged 45 to 49 years (SUVR = 1.43 ± 0.16), and 7% in those aged 40 to 45 years (SUVR = 1.27 ± 0.11) were visually assessed as positive. Visual and quantitative assessments were highly related (χ(2) = 11.3823, p = 0.0007; Cohen κ = 0.58). Only 2 of 34 participants were considered to have dementia by the DSQIID.

CONCLUSIONS:

Brain β-amyloid binding, as measured by [(18)F]florbetaben, increases with age in DS. Subjects with DS who have no evidence of dementia demonstrate brain β-amyloid binding in vivo, suggesting that [(18)F]florbetaben PET imaging may detect β-amyloid in this at-risk population.

PMID:
25568295
DOI:
10.1212/WNL.0000000000001212
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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