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J Autism Dev Disord. 2015 Jun;45(6):1785-96. doi: 10.1007/s10803-014-2338-9.

Emotion recognition in animated compared to human stimuli in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.

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Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, UK,


There is equivocal evidence as to whether there is a deficit in recognising emotional expressions in Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study compared emotion recognition in ASD in three types of emotion expression media (still image, dynamic image, auditory) across human stimuli (e.g. photo of a human face) and animated stimuli (e.g. cartoon face). Participants were 37 adolescents (age 11-16) with a diagnosis of ASD (33 male, 4 female). 42 males and 39 females served as typically developing, age-matched controls. Overall there was significant advantage for control groups over the ASD group for emotion recognition in human stimuli but not animated stimuli, across modalities. For static animated images specifically, those with ASD significantly outperformed controls. The findings are consistent with the ASD group using atypical explicit strategies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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