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Klin Padiatr. 2015 Jan;227(1):41-4. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1387775. Epub 2015 Jan 7.

Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis in an eight-year-old immunocompetent child: how to treat?

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Heidelberg University Hospital, Center for Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Heidelberg, Germany.
University Medicine Erlangen, Clinical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, Institute of Microbiology, Erlangen, Germany.
University Medical Center Freiburg, Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Hand Surgery, Freiburg, Germany.
University Medical Center Freiburg, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Travel Medicine, Freiburg, Germany.
Robert Koch-Institute, Reference laboratory for cryptococcosis, scedosporiosis and imported systemic mycoses, Berlin, Germany.
University Medical Center Freiburg, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Freiburg, Germany.


Here we report on a case of primary cryptococcal skin infection in an immunocompetent 8-year-old boy. The infection first manifested itself as a subcutaneous abscess around the proximal joint of his right thumb after a minor injury from contact with a thorny shrub. After surgical incision and drainage was performed, Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans was the only pathogen cultured from the lesion. An agglutination test for the capsular antigen in serum displayed negative results and the immunological work-up revealed no underlying immunodeficiency. A "watch and wait" strategy - one without systemic antifungal treatment - was adopted and this resulted in uneventful healing. In summary, primary cryptococcal skin infections in immunocompetent hosts may be managed successfully by surgical treatment in combination with careful clinical follow-up. This approach may help avoid unnecessary antimicrobial treatments.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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