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Am J Health Behav. 2015 Mar;39(2):277-84. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.39.2.14.

Dual use of smokeless tobacco or e-cigarettes with cigarettes and cessation.

Author information

1
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
2
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
3
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
4
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Pamela.ling@ucsf.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate predictors of dual use of cigarettes with smokeless tobacco or e-cigarettes.

METHODS:

Adult smokers (N = 1324) completed online cross-sectional surveys. Logistic regression evaluated predictors of dual use and cigarette quit attempts.

RESULTS:

Smokeless tobacco dual use was associated with past attempts to quit smoking by switching to smokeless products. E-cigarette dual use was associated with using stop-smoking medication and strong anti-tobacco industry attitudes. Ever use of stop-smoking medication was associated with quit attempts among dual e-cigarette users and cigarette-only users.

CONCLUSIONS:

Dual users are more likely than cigarette-only users to endorse certain cessation-related attitudes and behaviors. This may provide an opportunity for clinicians or others to discuss evidence-based strategies for smoking cessation.

PMID:
25564840
PMCID:
PMC4472731
DOI:
10.5993/AJHB.39.2.14
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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