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Am J Hum Genet. 1989 Dec;45(6):829-34.

Assignment of the gene coding for the alpha-subunit of prolyl 4-hydroxylase to human chromosome region 10q21.3-23.1.

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Collagen Research Unit, University of Oulu, Finland.


Prolyl 4-hydroxylase, an alpha 2 beta 2 tetramer, catalyzes the formation of 4-hydroxyproline in collagens by the hydroxylation of proline residues in peptide linkages and plays a crucial role in the synthesis of these proteins. The gene for the beta-subunit of prolyl 4-hydroxylase has recently been mapped to the long arm of human chromosome 17, at band 17q25. We report here chromosomal localization of the gene for the catalytically and regulatorily important alpha-subunit of human prolyl 4-hydroxylase. Analysis of 24 rodent x human cell hybrids by Southern blotting with cDNA probes for the human alpha-subunit indicated complete cosegregation of the gene for the alpha-subunit with human chromosome 10. A cell hybrid containing only part of chromosome 10 mapped the gene to 10q11----qter. In situ hybridization mapped the gene to 10q21.3-23.1. The gene for the alpha-subunit is thus not physically linked to that for the beta-subunit of the enzyme.

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