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J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2015;50(2):144-50. doi: 10.1080/10934529.2015.975055.

Estimation of the residual bromine concentration after disinfection of cooling water by statistical evaluation.

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a School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens , Athens , Greece.


A statistical model based on multiple linear regression is developed, to estimate the bromine residual that can be expected after the bromination of cooling water. Make-up water sampled from a power plant in the Greek territory was used for the creation of the various cooling water matrices under investigation. The amount of bromine fed to the circuit, as well as other important operational parameters such as concentration at the cooling tower, temperature, organic load and contact time are taken as the independent variables. It is found that the highest contribution to the model's predictive ability comes from cooling water's organic load concentration, followed by the amount of bromine fed to the circuit, the water's mean temperature, the duration of the bromination period and finally its conductivity. Comparison of the model results with the experimental data confirms its ability to predict residual bromine given specific bromination conditions.


Bromination; bromination by-products; cooling water disinfection; residual bromine; statistical analysis

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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