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Ecol Evol. 2014 Dec;4(24):4701-35. doi: 10.1002/ece3.1303. Epub 2014 Dec 2.

The PREDICTS database: a global database of how local terrestrial biodiversity responds to human impacts.

Hudson LN1, Newbold T2, Contu S1, Hill SL3, Lysenko I4, De Palma A5, Phillips HR5, Senior RA6, Bennett DJ4, Booth H7, Choimes A5, Correia DL1, Day J4, Echeverría-Londoño S5, Garon M4, Harrison ML4, Ingram DJ8, Jung M9, Kemp V4, Kirkpatrick L10, Martin CD4, Pan Y11, White HJ12, Aben J13, Abrahamczyk S14, Adum GB15, Aguilar-Barquero V16, Aizen MA17, Ancrenaz M18, Arbeláez-Cortés E19, Armbrecht I20, Azhar B21, Azpiroz AB22, Baeten L23, Báldi A24, Banks JE25, Barlow J26, Batáry P27, Bates AJ28, Bayne EM29, Beja P30, Berg Å31, Berry NJ32, Bicknell JE33, Bihn JH34, Böhning-Gaese K35, Boekhout T36, Boutin C37, Bouyer J38, Brearley FQ39, Brito I40, Brunet J41, Buczkowski G42, Buscardo E43, Cabra-García J44, Calviño-Cancela M45, Cameron SA46, Cancello EM47, Carrijo TF47, Carvalho AL48, Castro H49, Castro-Luna AA50, Cerda R51, Cerezo A52, Chauvat M53, Clarke FM54, Cleary DF55, Connop SP56, D'Aniello B57, da Silva PG58, Darvill B59, Dauber J60, Dejean A61, Diekötter T62, Dominguez-Haydar Y63, Dormann CF64, Dumont B65, Dures SG66, Dynesius M67, Edenius L68, Elek Z69, Entling MH70, Farwig N71, Fayle TM72, Felicioli A73, Felton AM74, Ficetola GF75, Filgueiras BK76, Fonte SJ77, Fraser LH78, Fukuda D79, Furlani D80, Ganzhorn JU81, Garden JG82, Gheler-Costa C83, Giordani P84, Giordano S85, Gottschalk MS86, Goulson D8, Gove AD87, Grogan J88, Hanley ME89, Hanson T90, Hashim NR91, Hawes JE92, Hébert C93, Helden AJ94, Henden JA95, Hernández L96, Herzog F97, Higuera-Diaz D98, Hilje B99, Horgan FG100, Horváth R101, Hylander K102, Isaacs-Cubides P103, Ishitani M104, Jacobs CT105, Jaramillo VJ106, Jauker B107, Jonsell M108, Jung TS109, Kapoor V110, Kati V111, Katovai E112, Kessler M113, Knop E114, Kolb A115, Kőrösi Á116, Lachat T117, Lantschner V118, Le Féon V119, LeBuhn G120, Légaré JP121, Letcher SG122, Littlewood NA123, López-Quintero CA124, Louhaichi M125, Lövei GL126, Lucas-Borja ME127, Luja VH128, Maeto K129, Magura T130, Mallari NA131, Marin-Spiotta E132, Marshall EJ133, Martínez E134, Mayfield MM135, Mikusinski G136, Milder JC137, Miller JR138, Morales CL17, Muchane MN139, Muchane M140, Naidoo R141, Nakamura A142, Naoe S143, Nates-Parra G144, Navarrete Gutierrez DA145, Neuschulz EL146, Noreika N147, Norfolk O148, Noriega JA149, Nöske NM150, O'Dea N151, Oduro W15, Ofori-Boateng C152, Oke CO153, Osgathorpe LM154, Paritsis J155, Parra-H A156, Pelegrin N157, Peres CA158, Persson AS159, Petanidou T160, Phalan B161, Philips TK162, Poveda K163, Power EF164, Presley SJ165, Proença V166, Quaranta M167, Quintero C155, Redpath-Downing NA168, Reid JL169, Reis YT170, Ribeiro DB171, Richardson BA172, Richardson MJ172, Robles CA173, Römbke J174, Romero-Duque LP175, Rosselli L175, Rossiter SJ176, Roulston TH177, Rousseau L178, Sadler JP179, Sáfián S180, Saldaña-Vázquez RA181, Samnegård U182, Schüepp C114, Schweiger O183, Sedlock JL184, Shahabuddin G185, Sheil D186, Silva FA187, Slade EM188, Smith-Pardo AH189, Sodhi NS190, Somarriba EJ51, Sosa RA191, Stout JC192, Struebig MJ193, Sung YH194, Threlfall CG195, Tonietto R196, Tóthmérész B197, Tscharntke T27, Turner EC198, Tylianakis JM199, Vanbergen AJ200, Vassilev K201, Verboven HA202, Vergara CH203, Vergara PM204, Verhulst J205, Walker TR206, Wang Y207, Watling JI208, Wells K209, Williams CD210, Willig MR211, Woinarski JC212, Wolf JH213, Woodcock BA214, Yu DW215, Zaitsev AS216, Collen B217, Ewers RM4, Mace GM217, Purves DW218, Scharlemann JP219, Purvis A5.

Author information

1
Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, U.K.
2
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 0DL, U.K ; Computational Ecology and Environmental Science, Microsoft Research 21 Station Road, Cambridge, CB1 2FB, U.K.
3
Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, U.K ; United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 0DL, U.K.
4
Imperial College London Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, SL5 7PY, U.K.
5
Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, U.K ; Imperial College London Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, SL5 7PY, U.K.
6
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 0DL, U.K.
7
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 0DL, U.K ; Frankfurt Zoological Society, Africa Regional Office PO Box 14935, Arusha, Tanzania.
8
School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex Brighton, BN1 9QG, U.K.
9
Center for Macroecology, Climate and Evolution, the Natural History Museum of Denmark Universitetsparken 15, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.
10
School of Biological and Ecological Sciences, University of Stirling Bridge of Allan, Stirling, FK9 4LA, U.K.
11
Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield Alfred Denny Building, Western Bank, Sheffield, S10 2TN, U.K.
12
School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7BL, U.K.
13
Evolutionary Ecology Group, University of Antwerp Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020, Antwerp, Belgium.
14
Nees Institute for Plant Biodiversity, University of Bonn Meckenheimer Allee 170, 53113, Bonn, Germany.
15
Department of Wildlife and Range Management, FRNR, CANR, KNUST Kumasi, Ghana ; SAVE THE FROGS! Ghana Box KS 15924, Adum-Kumasi, Ghana.
16
Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Costa Rica 2060, San José, Costa Rica.
17
CONICET, Lab. INIBIOMA (Universidad Nacional del Comahue-CONICET) Pasaje Gutierrez 1125, 8400, Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina.
18
HUTAN - Kinabatangan Orang-utan Conservation Programme PO Box 17793, 88874, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.
19
Museo de Zoología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México México D.F, Mexico ; Colección de Tejidos, Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt Km 17 Cali-Palmira, Valle del Cauca, Colombia.
20
Department of Biology, Universidad del Valle Calle 13 #100-00, Cali, Colombia.
21
Biodiversity Unit, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ; Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
22
Laboratorio de Genética de la Conservación, Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable Montevideo, Uruguay.
23
Department of Forest and Water Management, Forest & Nature Lab, Ghent University Geraardsbergsesteenweg 267, 9090, Gontrode, Belgium ; Terrestrial Ecology Unit Department of Biology, Ghent University K. L. Ledeganckstraat 35, 9000, Gent, Belgium.
24
MTA Centre for Ecological Research Alkotmány u. 2-4, 2163, Vácrátót, Hungary.
25
University of Washington 1900 Commerce Street, Tacoma, Washington, 98402, U.K.
26
Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, U.K ; MCT/Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi Belém, Pará, Brazil.
27
Agroecology, Georg-August University Grisebachstrasse 6, 37077, Göttingen, Germany.
28
University of Birmingham Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, U.K.
29
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta CW 405 - Biological Sciences Centre, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E9, Canada.
30
EDP Biodiversity Chair, CIBIO/InBio, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade do Porto Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485-601, Vairão, Portugal.
31
The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, The Swedish Biodiversity Centre SE 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
32
University of Edinburgh, School of GeoSciences Crew Building, King's Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JN, U.K.
33
Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent Canterbury, CT2 7NR, U.K ; Iwokrama International Centre for Rainforest Conservation and Development 77 High Street, Georgetown, Guyana.
34
Department of Animal Ecology, Philipps-University Marburg Karl-von-Frisch Strasse 8, 35032, Marburg, Germany.
35
Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung Senckenberganlage 25, 60325, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ; Institute for Ecology, Evolution & Diversity, Biologicum, Goethe University Frankfurt Max von Laue St. 13, D 60439, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
36
CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands.
37
Environment Canada, Science & Technology Branch, Carleton University 1125 Colonel By Drive, Raven Road, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0H3, Canada.
38
Unité Mixte de Recherche Contrôle des Maladies Animales Exotiques et Emergentes, Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD) 34398, Montpellier, France ; Unité Mixte de Recherche 1309 Contrôle des Maladies Animales Exotiques et Emergentes, Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) 34398, Montpellier, France.
39
School of Science and the Environment, Manchester Metropolitan University Chester Street, Manchester, M1 5GD, U.K.
40
University of Évora - ICAAMA, Apartado 94 7002-554, Évora, Portugal.
41
Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Box 49, 230 53, Alnarp, Sweden.
42
Department of Entomology, Purdue University 901 W. State Street, West Lafayette, 47907, Indiana, Portugal.
43
Centro de Ecologia Funcional, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Universidade de Coimbra Calçada Martim de Freitas, 3000-456, Coimbra, Portugal ; Escritório Central do LBA, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisa da Amazônia Av. André Araújo, 2936, Campus II, Aleixo, CEP 69060-001, Manaus, AM, Brazil ; Department of Botany, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland.
44
Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo São Paulo, SP, 05508-090, Brazil.
45
Department of Ecology and Animal Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Vigo 36310, Vigo, Spain.
46
Department of Entomology, University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois, 61801, Brazil.
47
Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo Av. Nazaré 481, 04263-000, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
48
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia Av. André Araújo, 2.936, Petrópolis, CEP 69067-375, Manaus, AM, Brazil.
49
Centre for Functional Ecology, Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra Calçada Martim de Freitas, 3000-456, Coimbra, Portugal.
50
Instituto de Biotecnologia y Ecologia Aplicada (INBIOTECA), Universidad Veracruzana Av. de las Culturas Veracruzanas, 101, Col. Emiliano Zapata, CP 91090, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico.
51
Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center 7170, Cartago, Turrialba, 30501, Costa Rica.
52
Department of Quantitative Methods and Information Systems, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires Av. San Martín 4453, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, C.P. 1417, Argentina.
53
Normandie Univ., EA 1293 ECODIV-Rouen, SFR SCALE, UFR Sciences et Techniques 76821, Mont Saint Aignan Cedex, France.
54
University of Aberdeen Aberdeen, AB24 2TZ, U.K.
55
Department of Biology, CESAM, Universidade de Aveiro Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal.
56
Sustainability Research Institute, University of East London 4-6 University Way, London, E16 2RD, U.K.
57
Department of Biology, University of Naples "Federico II" Naples, Italy.
58
Programa de Pós-graduação em Ecologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, CEP 88040-900, Brazil.
59
British Trust for Ornithology, University of Stirling Stirling, FK9 4LA, U.K.
60
Thünen Institute of Biodiversity Bundesallee 50, 38116, Braunschweig, Germany.
61
CNRS, Écologie des Forêts de Guyane (UMR-CNRS 8172) BP 316, 97379, Kourou cedex, France ; Université de Toulouse, UPS, INP, Laboratoire Écologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement (Ecolab) 118 route de Narbonne, 31062, Toulouse, France.
62
Department of Landscape Ecology, Institute for Nature and Resource Conservation, Kiel University Olshausenstrasse 75, 24098, Kiel, Germany ; Department of Biology, Nature Conservation, University Marburg Marburg, Germany ; Institute of Integrative Biology ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
63
Programa de Biología, Universidad del Atlántico Km 7 vía Puerto Colombia, Atlántico, Colombia.
64
Biometry and Environmental System Analysis, University of Freiburg Tennenbacher Strasse 4, 79106, Freiburg, Germany.
65
INRA, UMR1213 Herbivores 63122, Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France.
66
Imperial College London Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, SL5 7PY, U.K ; Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London Nuffield Building, Regents Park, London, NW1 4RY, U.K.
67
Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå University 901 87, Umeå, Sweden.
68
Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 901 83, Umeå, Sweden.
69
MTA-ELTE-MTM Ecology Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, c/o Biological Institute, Eötvös Lóránd University Pázmány Péter sétány 1/C., 1117, Budapest, Hungary.
70
University of Koblenz-Landau, Institute for Environmental Sciences Fortstr. 7, 76829, Landau, Germany.
71
Department of Ecology - Conservation Ecology, Faculty of Biology, Philipps-Universität Marburg Karl-von-Frisch-Street 8, 35032, Marburg, Germany.
72
Imperial College London Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, SL5 7PY, U.K ; Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia and Institute of Entomology, Biology Centre of Academy of Sciences Czech Republic Branišovská 31, 370 05, České Budějovice, Czech Republic ; Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sabah 88999, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.
73
Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie, Università di Pisa Viale delle Piagge, n°2, 56124, Pisa, Italy.
74
The Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences PO Box 49, 23453, Alnarp, Sweden.
75
Laboratoire d'Ecologie Alpine (LECA), Université Grenoble Alpes F-38000, Grenoble, France.
76
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Recife, PE 50670-901, Brazil.
77
Department of Plant Sciences, University of California Davis, California, 95616, Canada.
78
Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Thompson Rivers University 900 McGill Road, Kamloops, BC, V2C 0C8, Canada.
79
IDEA Consultants Inc Okinawa Branch Office, Aja 2-6-19, Naha, Okinawa, 900-0003, Japan.
80
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH Königsallee 9 - 21, 37081, Göttingen, Germany.
81
University of Hamburg, Biocentre Grindel Martin-Luther-King Platz 3, 20146, Hamburg, Germany.
82
Seed Consulting Services 106 Gilles Street, Adelaide, 5000, SA, Australia ; School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management, The University of Queensland St Lucia, 4072, Qld, Australia.
83
Ecologia Aplicada/Applied Ecology, Universidade Sagrado Coração (USC) Rua Irmã Arminda, 10-50, Jardim Brasil, Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil.
84
DISTAV, University of Genova Corso Dogali 1M, 16136, Genova, Italy.
85
Dipartimento di Biologia, Università di Napoli Federico II Campus Monte S. Angelo, Via Cinthia 4, 80126, Napoli, Italy.
86
Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel) PO Box 354, CEP 96010-900, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.
87
Astron Environmental Services 129 Royal Street, East Perth, WA, 6004, Australia ; Department of Environment and Agriculture, Curtin University Kent Street, Bentley, WA, 6102, Australia.
88
Mount Holyoke College, Department of Biological Sciences South Hadley, Massachusetts, 01075, U.K.
89
School of Biological Science, University of Plymouth Drake's Circus, Plymouth, PL4 8AA, U.K.
90
351 False Bay Drive, Friday Harbor, Washington, 98250, Malaysia.
91
International University of Malaya-Wales Jalan Tun Ismail, 50480, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
92
Coordenação de Botânica, Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi Caixa Postal 399, CEP 66040-170, Belém, Pará, Brazil ; School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, U.K.
93
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Laurentian Forestry Centre 1055 du P.E.P.S., PO Box 10380, Québec, QC, G1V 4C7, Canada.
94
Animal & Environmental Research Group, Department of Life Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University East Road, Cambridge, CB1 1PT, U.K.
95
University of Tromsø, Department of Arctic and Marine Biology 9037, Tromsø, Norway.
96
Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guayana Apdo. Postal 8050, Puerto Ordaz, 8015, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela.
97
Agroscope Reckenholzstr. 191, 8046, Zurich, Switzerland.
98
Corporación Sentido Natural Carrera 70H No. 122 - 98, Apartamento 101, Bogotá, Colombia.
99
Escuela de Ingeniería Forestal, Tecnológico de Costa Rica Apartado, 159-7050, Cartago, Costa Rica ; Asociación para la Conservación y el Estudio de la Biodiversidad (ACEBIO) Casa 15, Barrio Los Abogados, Zapote, San José, Costa Rica.
100
International Rice Research Institute DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila, The Philippines.
101
University of Debrecen, Department of Ecology PO Box 71, 4010, Debrecen, Hungary.
102
Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.
103
Instituto de Investigaciones y Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt Bogotá, Colombia.
104
Hiroshima University, Graduate School of Education 1-1-1, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8524, Japan.
105
Scarab Research Group, University of Pretoria Pretoria, South Africa.
106
Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México A.P. 27-3 Santa María de Guido, Morelia, Michoacán,, México C.P. 58090, Mexico.
107
Department of Animal Ecology, Justus-Liebig University Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, 35392, Giessen, Germany.
108
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology Box 7044, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
109
Yukon Department of Environment P.O. Box 2703, Whitehorse, YT, Y1A 2C6, Canada.
110
Nature Conservation Foundation Mysore, India.
111
Department of Environmental & Natural Resources Management, University of Patras Seferi 2, 30100, Agrinio, Greece.
112
Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science (TESS) and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University Cairns, Qld, Australia ; School of Science and Technology, Pacific Adventist University Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
113
Institute of Systematic Botany, University of Zurich Zollikerstrasse 107, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland.
114
Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern Baltzerstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland.
115
Institute of Ecology, University of Bremen FB2, Leobener Str., 28359, Bremen, Germany.
116
MTA-ELTE-MTM Ecology Research Group Pázmány Péter s. 1/c, Budapest, 1117, Hungary, Germany ; Field Station Fabrikschleichach, Biocenter, University of Würzburg Glasshüttenstr. 5, 96181, Rauhenebrach, Germany.
117
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL Zürcherstrasse 11, 8903, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.
118
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria EEA Bariloche, 8400, Bariloche, Argentina.
119
INRA, UR 406 Abeilles et Environnement F-84914, Avignon, France.
120
Department of Biology, San Francisco State University 1600 Holloway Ave, San Francisco, California, 94132.
121
Laboratoire de diagnostic en phytoprotection, Ministère de l'agriculture, des pêcheries et de l'alimentation du Québec 2700 rue Einstein, QC, G1P 3W8, Canada.
122
Purchase College (State University of New York) 735 Anderson Hill Road, Purchase, New York, 10577, U.K.
123
The James Hutton Institute Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen,, AB15 8QH, U.K.
124
Universidad de Antioquia Calle 67 No. 53 - 108, Medellín, Colombia.
125
International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) P.O. Box 950764, Amman, 11195, Jordan.
126
Aarhus University, Department of Agroecology, Flakkebjerg Research Centre Forsøgsvej 1, 4200, Slagelse, Denmark.
127
Castilla La Mancha University, School of Advanced Agricultural Engineering, Department of Agroforestry Technology and Science and Genetics Campus Universitario s/n, C.P. 02071, Albacete, Spain.
128
Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit, Unidad Académica de Turismo, Coordinación de Investigación y Posgrado Ciudad de la Cultura Amado Nervo s/n, C.P. 63155, Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico.
129
Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University Kobe, 657-8501, Japan.
130
Hortobágy National Park Directorate, 4002, Debrecen, P.O.Box 216, Hungary.
131
Fauna & Flora International Philippines #8 Foggy Heights Subdivision San Jose, Tagaytay City, 4120, Philippines ; De La Salle University-Dasmariñas West Ave, Dasmariñas, 4115, Philippines.
132
Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison 550 North Park Street, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706, U.K.
133
Marshall Agroecology Ltd, 2 Nut Tree Cottages, Barton, Winscombe,, BS25 1DU, U.K.
134
Escuela de Posgrados, Facultad de Agronomía, Doctorado en Agroecología, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Cra 30 No. 45-03, Ciudad Universitaria Bogotá, Colombia.
135
The University of Queensland, School of Biological Sciences Brisbane, Qld, 4120, Australia.
136
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, 730 91, Riddarhyttan, Sweden.
137
Rainforest Alliance 233 Broadway, 28th Floor, New York City, New York, 10279, Kenya.
138
Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences N-407 Turner Hall, MC-047, 1102 South Goodwin Ave., Urbana, Illinois, 61801, Kenya.
139
National Museums of Kenya, Botany Department P.O. Box 40658, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
140
Department of Zoology, National Museums of Kenya P.O. Box 40658, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
141
WWF 1250 24th Street NW, Washington, District of Columbia, 20037, China.
142
Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden CAS, Menglun, Mengla, Yunnan, 666303, China.
143
Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute Matsunosato 1, Tsukuba Ibaraki, 305-8687, Japan.
144
Laboratorio de Investigaciones en Abejas, Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Bogotá, Colombia.
145
El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Carretera Panamericana y Periférico Sur S/N. 29290, Chiapas, Mexico.
146
Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung Senckenberganlage 25, 60325, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
147
Department of Biosciences and Department of Environmental Sciences, Urban Ecology Research Group, University of Helsinki Viikinkaari 2a, P.O. Box 65, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland.
148
School of Biology, The University of Nottingham University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, U.K.
149
Laboratorio de Zoología y Ecología Acuática - LAZOEA, Universidad de Los Andes Bogotá, Colombia.
150
BIO-Diverse Ließemer Str. 32 a, 53179 Bonn, Germany.
151
Oxford University Centre for the Environment, University of Oxford South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QY, U.K.
152
Department of Wildlife and Range Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Kumasi, Ghana ; Forestry Research Institute of Ghana Kumasi, Ghana.
153
Department of Animal & Environmental Biology, University of Benin Benin City, Nigeria.
154
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), The Lodge Sandy, Bedfordshire,, SG19 2DL, U.K.
155
Laboratorio Ecotono, CONICET-INIBIOMA, Universidad Nacional del Comahue Quintral 1250, Bariloche, 8400, Argentina.
156
Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo Avenida. Bandeirantes, 3900 - CEP 14040-901 - Bairro Monte Alegre, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil ; Laboratorio de Investigaciones en Abejas-LABUN, Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Carrera 45 N° 26-85, Edificio Uriel Gutiérrez, Bogotá, DC, Colombia, Argentina.
157
Instituto de Diversidad y Ecología Animal (CONICET-UNC) and Centro de Zoología Aplicada (UNC) Rondeau 798 X5000AVP, Córdoba, Argentina.
158
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia Norwich, NR4 7TJ, U.K.
159
Lund University, Department of Biology/Biodiversity Ecology Building, 223 62, Lund, Sweden.
160
Laboratory of Biogeography & Ecology, Department of Geography, University of the Aegean 81100, Mytilene, Greece.
161
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, U.K.
162
Department of Biology, Western Kentucky University 1906 College Heights Blvd., Bowling Green, Kentucky, 42101, Ireland.
163
Entomology, Cornell University 4126 Comstock Hall, Ithaca, New York, 14850, Ireland.
164
School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland.
165
Center for Environmental Sciences and Engineering & Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut 3107 Horsebarn Hill Road, Storrs, Connecticut, 06269-4210, Portugal.
166
IN+, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001, Lisboa, Portugal.
167
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Red de Ecología Funcional, Instituto de Ecología A.C. Carretera Antigua a Coatepec N° 351 El Haya, CP, 91070, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico.
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The Environment Institute and School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Adelaide SA, 5005, Australia ; Institute of Experimental Ecology, University of Ulm Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, 89069, Ulm, Germany.
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Behavioural Ecology and Biocontrol, Department of Biology, National University of Ireland Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland.
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Center for Environmental Sciences & Engineering, University of Connecticut 3107 Horsebarn Hill Road, Storrs, Connecticut, 06269-4210, Australia ; Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut 3107 Horsebarn Hill Road, Storrs, Connecticut, 06269-4210, Australia.
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NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Crowmarsh Gifford Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, U.K.
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Computational Ecology and Environmental Science, Microsoft Research 21 Station Road, Cambridge, CB1 2FB, U.K.
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United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 0DL, U.K ; School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex Brighton, BN1 9QG, U.K.

Abstract

Biodiversity continues to decline in the face of increasing anthropogenic pressures such as habitat destruction, exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species. Existing global databases of species' threat status or population time series are dominated by charismatic species. The collation of datasets with broad taxonomic and biogeographic extents, and that support computation of a range of biodiversity indicators, is necessary to enable better understanding of historical declines and to project - and avert - future declines. We describe and assess a new database of more than 1.6 million samples from 78 countries representing over 28,000 species, collated from existing spatial comparisons of local-scale biodiversity exposed to different intensities and types of anthropogenic pressures, from terrestrial sites around the world. The database contains measurements taken in 208 (of 814) ecoregions, 13 (of 14) biomes, 25 (of 35) biodiversity hotspots and 16 (of 17) megadiverse countries. The database contains more than 1% of the total number of all species described, and more than 1% of the described species within many taxonomic groups - including flowering plants, gymnosperms, birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, beetles, lepidopterans and hymenopterans. The dataset, which is still being added to, is therefore already considerably larger and more representative than those used by previous quantitative models of biodiversity trends and responses. The database is being assembled as part of the PREDICTS project (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems - http://www.predicts.org.uk). We make site-level summary data available alongside this article. The full database will be publicly available in 2015.

KEYWORDS:

Data sharing; global change; habitat destruction; land use

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