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Sci Rep. 2015 Jan 5;5:7561. doi: 10.1038/srep07561.

Effects of weight loss via high fat vs. low fat alternate day fasting diets on free fatty acid profiles.

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Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Chicago, IL, USA.
1] Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada [2] Nutrition, Obesity, and Metabolism Lab, PERFORM Centre, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada.
Nutrition, Obesity, and Metabolism Lab, PERFORM Centre, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada.


Cardiovascular disease risk is associated with excess body weight and elevated plasma free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations. This study examines how an alternate-day fasting (ADF) diet high (HF) or low (LF) in fat affects plasma FFA profiles in the context of weight loss, and changes in body composition and lipid profiles. After a 2-week weight maintenance period, 29 women (BMI 30-39.9 kg/m(2)) 25-65 years old were randomized to an 8-week ADF-HF (45% fat) diet or an ADF-LF (25% fat) diet with 25% energy intake on fast days and ad libitum intake on feed days. Body weight, BMI and waist circumference were assessed weekly and body composition was measured using dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Total and individual FFA and plasma lipid concentrations were measured before and after weight loss. Body weight, BMI, fat mass, total cholesterol, LDL-C and triglyceride concentrations decreased (P < 0.05) in both groups. Total FFA concentrations also decreased (P < 0.001). In the ADF-LF group, decreases were found in several more FFAs than in the ADF-HF group. In the ADF-HF group, FFA concentrations were positively correlated with waist circumference. Depending on the macronutrient composition of a diet, weight loss with an ADF diet decreases FFA concentrations through potentially different mechanisms.

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