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Chem Biol. 2015 Jan 22;22(1):76-86. doi: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2014.11.012. Epub 2014 Dec 31.

Target-based identification of whole-cell active inhibitors of biotin biosynthesis in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA.
2
The Broad Institute Probe Development Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.
3
Center for Drug Design, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.
4
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.
5
Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-6604, USA.
6
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address: dis2003@med.cornell.edu.
7
Center for Drug Design, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address: aldri015@umn.edu.

Abstract

Biotin biosynthesis is essential for survival and persistence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) in vivo. The aminotransferase BioA, which catalyzes the antepenultimate step in the biotin pathway, has been established as a promising target due to its vulnerability to chemical inhibition. We performed high-throughput screening (HTS) employing a fluorescence displacement assay and identified a diverse set of potent inhibitors including many diversity-oriented synthesis (DOS) scaffolds. To efficiently select only hits targeting biotin biosynthesis, we then deployed a whole-cell counterscreen in biotin-free and biotin-containing medium against wild-type Mtb and in parallel with isogenic bioA Mtb strains that possess differential levels of BioA expression. This counterscreen proved crucial to filter out compounds whose whole-cell activity was off target as well as identify hits with weak, but measurable whole-cell activity in BioA-depleted strains. Several of the most promising hits were cocrystallized with BioA to provide a framework for future structure-based drug design efforts.

PMID:
25556942
PMCID:
PMC4305006
DOI:
10.1016/j.chembiol.2014.11.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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