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Chin J Nat Med. 2014 Dec;12(12):901-10. doi: 10.1016/S1875-5364(14)60133-3.

Chemical composition, antimicrobial, insecticidal, phytotoxic and antioxidant activities of Mediterranean Pinus brutia and Pinus pinea resin essential oils.

Author information

1
Smaniye Korkut Ata University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Department of Biology, 80000 Osmaniye, Turkey. Electronic address: zeynepulukanli@osmaniye.edu.tr.
2
Smaniye Korkut Ata University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Department of Biology, 80000 Osmaniye, Turkey.
3
İnönü University, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, 44280 Malatya, Turkey.

Abstract

Essential oils of the resins of Pinus brutia and Pinus pinea were evaluated for their biological potential. Essential oils were characterized using GC-MS and GC/FID. in vitro antimicrobial, phytotoxic, antioxidant, and insecticidal activities were carried out using the direct contact and the fumigant assays, respectively. The chemical profile of the essential oils of the resins of P. pinea and P. brutia included mainly α-pinene (21.39% and 25.40%), β-pinene (9.68% and 9.69%), and caryophyllene (9.12% and 4.81%). The essential oils of P. pinea and P. brutia exerted notable antimicrobial activities on Micrococcus luteus and Bacillus subtilis, insecticidal activities on Ephestia kuehniella eggs, phytotoxic activities on Lactuca sativa, Lepidium sativum, and Portulaca oleracea, as well as antioxidant potential. Indications of the biological activities of the essential oils suggest their use in the formulation of ecofriendly and biocompatible pharmaceuticals.

KEYWORDS:

Antimicrobial; Antioxidant; Essential oil; Insecticidal; Phytotoxic; Pinus brutia; Pinus pinea

PMID:
25556061
DOI:
10.1016/S1875-5364(14)60133-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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