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Gene. 1989 Oct 30;82(2):327-33.

Electroporation-mediated transformation of lysostaphin-treated Clostridium perfringens.

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Department of Microbiology, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.


A reliable and efficient method has been developed for the electroporation-mediated transformation of Clostridium perfringens with plasmid DNA. Transformation of vegetative cells of C. perfringens strain 13 with the 7.9-kb Escherichia coli-C. perfringens shuttle plasmid pHR 106 required pretreatment with lysostaphin (2 to 20 micrograms/ml) for 1 h at 37 degrees C. Cells harvested early in the logarithmic stage of growth were transformed more efficiently than cells at other growth phases. The transformation frequency increased with the DNA concentration, to a saturating level at 5 to 10 micrograms DNA/ml. The transformation frequency was proportional to the field strength and time constant of the electroporation pulse; however, the field strength was a far more important parameter. A cell density between 1 x 10(8) and 5 x 10(8) cells/ml proved to be optimal for transformation. The procedure was capable of generating up to 3.0 x 10(5) transformants per micrograms DNA. The potential value of the method for the cloning of C. perfringens genes was demonstrated by the cloning of the clostridial tetracycline-resistance determinant, tetP, from the E. coli recombinant plasmid pJIR71, into C. perfringens strain 13.

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